Investigation of Solitary Wave Over a Trench Using a Non-hydrostatic Numerical Model

  • J. X. ZhangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)


A three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model was presented to simulate solitary wave propagation. A one equation turbulent model (Spalart-Allmaras model) was used to calculate the eddy viscosity. To simulate the bottom boundary layer flow, a high grid resolution was used within the boundary layer. The bottom shear stress was directly calculated using the turbulent model. The model was validated by means of comparing the calculated water elevation with analytical results. Taking a stable solitary wave being simulated in a long numerical flume as the initial condition, we simulated the solitary wave propagation over a trench. The wave profile skewness, the velocity distribution, the local flow separation, and the dissolved mass transportation were elaborately analysed.


Solitary wave Boundary layer Non-hydrostatic model Trench 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 11572196) and the National Basic Research Programme (973 programme) of China (No. 2014CB046200).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of HydrodynamicsMinistry of EducationShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Naval ArchitectureOcean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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