Introduction: Natural Gas Reforms and Motivations

  • Onur DemirEmail author
Part of the The Political Economy of the Middle East book series (PEME)


Natural gas is a strategic sector for the Republic of Turkey (hereafter referred to as Turkey) given its direct and indirect impact on economic/social development and growth, and its control that has been mandated by the state for decades is shifting. Provided that liberalisation is the reverse process of protectionism (Hillman 2004) and mostly accompanied by liberal legislation, the reformative transformation of the Turkish gas market, with the onset of the Natural Gas Market Law (hereafter referred to as the 2001 Law or the NGML), has been ongoing. Nevertheless, a number of challenges still remain unaddressed, although considerable efforts have been put in, in the industry by the government. Thus, the main rationale for undertaking this book is to examine the liberalisation process within the Turkish natural gas industry and to understand the limitations and key challenges the country has encountered in its transition from monopolistic to (semi)-liberalised gas market in the context of the European Union (EU).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OED Consultancy Ltd.LondonUK

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