Natural Frequency Analysis for Hydropower Structure

  • M. R. Radzi
  • M. H. Zawawi
  • W. N. YusairahEmail author
  • A. Z. A. Mazlan
  • Aizat Abas
  • M. R. R. M. A. Zainol
Conference paper
Part of the Water Resources Development and Management book series (WRDM)


A dam normally serves the main purpose of retaining water. However, the uncertainties vibration affected from the internal and external sources of the dam such as the flow of water vibration of the hydropower mechanical machine and other related sources has increased the insecurity of the dam structure. In this study, one of the oldest hydroelectric dams in Malaysia which are Chenderoh Dam in Kuala Kangsar, Perak is taken to analyze and discuss the structural dynamic analysis. The analysis has been investigated on the sector gate, right bank, intake and bottom outlet section of the dam structure. The actual size of structures (1:1) for each section has been modeled into the CAD software based on real build-in materials. Finite element (FE) model is constructed with the required boundary condition and meshing sensitivity analysis. From the result, the natural frequency values and mode of shapes are determined for all the section but, only significant value will be shown in this paper. The highest value of natural frequency occurred is 5.09 Hz at sector gate, 52.3 Hz at left bank, 11.73 Hz at right bank, 2.76 Hz at intake and 9.00 Hz at bottom outlet. In addition, from the frequency response friction (FRF) graphs show the highest deflection frequently occurred at x-axis direction for sector gate, right bank, bottom outlet, left bank and intake. All of these values must be taken into consideration before any failure happens at the dam.


Natural frequency Mode shape FRF Dynamic analysis 



This research project was supported by Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) under the TNB Consultancy grant (U-TG-CR-18-04).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Radzi
    • 1
  • M. H. Zawawi
    • 2
  • W. N. Yusairah
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. Z. A. Mazlan
    • 3
  • Aizat Abas
    • 3
  • M. R. R. M. A. Zainol
    • 3
  1. 1.TNB Generation DivisionTenaga Nasional BerhadKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringCollege of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN)KajangMalaysia
  3. 3.School of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

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