Recovery of Bird Assemblages After Construction; Case Study in Puah Catchment, Hulu Terengganu
Hydroelectric dam have since empowering Malaysia’s development since 1900 Sempam Hydroelectric dam were built in Raub. However, its detrimental effect were well documented in degrading and modifying forest habitat. The objective for present study is to determine the recolonization of bird’s species after the construction of a hydroelectric dam in Peninsular Malaysia. Study of bird species number and composition were done using both mist-net and observation method for three period of research; pre-log, construction and operational. The result of this study show that the species number is declining from 275 species in Pre-Log phase to 67 species in Construction phase. Bird species number increases in Operational phase with 102 species. Different composition of bird species on each phases indicate that bird present on each phase are suited to that particular condition. The re-emergence of pre-log species and wintering bird during operational phase show the recovery process after habitat degradation during construction phase. New species were also found during operational phases indicates that the habitat have been modified to fit the requirements of different bird. It is expected that the species number will continue to climb as the forest recover and habitat become more stable.
KeywordsFirst keyword Second keyword Third keyword
This project was made possible with the funding of Tenaga National Berhad Research (TNBR) research grant (ST-2017-010). We thank Department of Wildlife and National Park (PERHILITAN) and all research assistants from both Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and TNBR for their help to perform this wildlife research in.
- 1.Bibby, C.J., Burgess, N.D., Hill, D.A., Mustoe, S.: Bird Census Techniques. Elsevier (2000)Google Scholar
- 2.Mansor, M.S., Sah, S.A.M.: The influence of habitat structure on bird species composition in lowland Malaysian rain forests. Trop. Life Sci. Res. 23(1), 1–14 (2012)Google Scholar
- 3.Ralph, C.J., Sauer, J.R., Droege, S.: Monitoring Bird Populations by Point Counts, USDA Forest Service General Technical Report, No. 149, pp. 1–181 (1995)Google Scholar
- 4.Strange, M.: A photographic Guide to the Birds of Southeast Asia: Including the Philippines and Borneo. Princeton University Press (2000)Google Scholar
- 5.Robson, C.: Birds of South-East Asia: Concise Edition. Bloomsbury Publishing (2015)Google Scholar
- 8.Hammer, O., Harper, D., Ryan, P.: PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis, vol. 4 (2001)Google Scholar
- 9.Niwattanakul, S., Singthongchai, J., Naenudorn, E., Wanapu, S.: Using of Jaccard coefficient for keywords similarity. In: Proceedings of the International Multiconference of Engineers and Computer Scientists. Hong Kong, vol. I, no. 6, pp. 380–384, March 2013Google Scholar
- 10.Rajpar, M.N., Zakaria, M.: Bird abundance and its relationship with microclimate and habitat variables in open-area and shrub habitats in Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 25(1), 114–124 (2015)Google Scholar
- 21.Moradi, H.V., Zakaria, M., Rosli, Z.: Comparison of bird species composition in relation to different disturbance level in a tropical lowland rain forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Malay. For. 71(2), 173–186 (2008)Google Scholar