Improving Collaboration in Construction Projects in Developing Countries: The Case of Kurdistan Region of Iraq

  • Hazhar FarisEmail author
  • David Hutchinson
  • Mark Gaterell
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The construction sector is criticised for being fragmented and for having a large number of problems between stakeholders such as adversarial relationships, lack of trust and ineffective communication. These issues emerge especially in developing countries. Collaboration has been introduced as a solution to such issues. However, delivering an effective process of collaboration is a challenge with a wide range of factors involved. This paper identifies and sorts the critical factors that affect collaboration in the construction sector and recommends ways to adapt such factors in the sector. Through a comprehensive review of the literature, two groups of critical success factors have been identified to improve such practices, hard factors and soft factors. This study contributes to the scarce literature about collaboration in the construction industry in the Kurdistan and identifies factors of collaboration that construction projects need to adopt in order to improve their performance.


Collaboration Critical factors Construction Developing countries Kurdistan-Iraq 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering and SurveyingUniversity of PortsmouthPortsmouthUK
  2. 2.Faculty of TechnologyUniversity of PortsmouthPortsmouthUK

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