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Nanotechnology for Agricultural and Environmental Sustainability at Higher Altitudes

  • Mamta Bisht
  • Deepika Rajwar
  • M. Raju
Chapter
  • 35 Downloads
Part of the Rhizosphere Biology book series (RHBIO)

Abstract

The distribution of hill and mountainous areas in India are vastly located in the Himalayas region. In recent years, the protection of ecology in this region has become a national concern due to the fast deterioration of the ecosystem. The disturbances in climatic conditions including recurring floods, droughts, low temperature, less water content, high precipitation, and solar intensity possess non-sustainable production of agricultural crops. These ecological stress imbalances natural resource management and agricultural sustainability in this region. The major problem in hilly areas is less water storage in soil. Most of the water occur in the form of precipitation and infiltrate with the high magnitude depending upon the soil texture and degree of slopes. Therefore, the cropping productivity is low due to moisture stress and poor soil conditions. The farmers in these areas are using higher dose of fertilizers and pesticides in order to acquire higher agricultural production. It is well recorded that the excessive and improper use of fertilizers, pesticides, and toxic metals causes environmental problems. In this chapter, we have discussed the role of nanotechnology in higher altitudinal agriculture that emphasized the different application in various sectors of agriculture and environment. Nanotechnology has the ability to increase the application efficiency of pesticides at a lower dose and helps in the removal of contaminants in polluted soils/groundwater through adsorption, absorption, chemical reactions, and filtration. Thus, nanotechnology has the potential to minimize these impacts on agriculture and the environment.

Keywords

Himalayan region Nanotechnology Agriculture Environmental sustainability 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mamta Bisht
    • 1
  • Deepika Rajwar
    • 2
  • M. Raju
    • 1
  1. 1.Groundwater Hydrology DivisionNational Institute of HydrologyRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.Central Soil Salinity Research InstituteKarnalIndia

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