Biosensor: A Boon for Heavy Metals Detection in Natural Water Reservoirs at Higher Altitudes

  • Shraddha Chauhan
  • Lata Sheo Bachan UpadhyayEmail author
Part of the Rhizosphere Biology book series (RHBIO)


The gradual increase in human population and civilization has affected the nature cycle and negatively affects the environment. These cause the occupation of more land even at higher altitudes. The population growth accelerates the use of resources to maintain the comfort that eventually lead to unbalancing of atmosphere. To fulfil the need of the population new advanced and more technologies are applied in the field of agriculture to improve yields, thus increasing the use of chemicals, pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, etc. Eventually hazardous chemicals are released in the rivers and other water bodies. The natural water reservoirs present at higher altitude are the major source of water supply in every region. The contamination of these water resources causes infection in the whole chain of water distribution. Therefore, the detection at source of origin becomes a need. The identification of heavy metals contamination at higher altitude require tools that can provide easy and on-site detection as setting a sophisticated lab setup is difficult and requires heavy investment. Biosensors are the most suitable device for detecting heavy metals at higher altitude zone in an economical way. Basically, biosensor is an analytical device that comprises the biological recognition element (protein, DNA, antigen, antibody or a living organism) which shows the specific response in the occurrence of a specific analyte. This chapter summarizes the ground knowledge of biosensors and its need to detect heavy metals.


Biosensor Higher altitude Heavy metal Whole cell biosensor 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyNational Institute of Technology RaipurRaipurIndia

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