Assessment of Genes and Enzymes of Microorganisms of High Altitudes and Their Application in Agriculture

  • Geeta Bhandari
  • Niki Nautiyal
  • Mukund Sharma
Part of the Rhizosphere Biology book series (RHBIO)


Extreme environments are considered the biodiversity hotspots especially in terms of microorganisms. Microbiomes of the extreme environment impart important information about the critical limits for survival and adaptability of microorganism. Hill and mountain agroecosystems demand distinct microflora which can endure in these extreme environments and simultaneously perpetuate their plant growth promontory properties. Microorganism native of the cold environment is widely distributed in the agroecosystem and has physiologically, metabolically, and biologically well adapted to such environments. Thus, microbial inoculants from these extreme conditions possessing PGP attributes can be efficiently utilized for promoting growth and yield of high altitude crops. Numerous plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) from high altitude soils containing vital enzymes involved in plant growth enhancement have been reported. These organisms can thus be employed as biofertilizers, biocontrol agents, and bioremediation for enhancing agricultural productivity.


Microbial enzymes High altitude regions Agriculture Microbial genes PGPR 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geeta Bhandari
    • 1
  • Niki Nautiyal
    • 1
  • Mukund Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Sardar Bhagwan Singh University, BalawalaDehradunIndia

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