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Modern Concepts and Techniques for Better Cotton Production

  • Abdul Ghaffar
  • Muhammad Habib ur RahmanEmail author
  • Hafiz Rizwan Ali
  • Ghulam Haider
  • Saeed Ahmad
  • Shah Fahad
  • Shakeel Ahmad
Chapter
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

Sustainable cotton production in current environmental conditions is under threat due to climatic variability and shortage of ever-decreasing resources for agricultural crops. There is dire need to improve the cotton production to fulfill increasing demands of the ever increasing world population which will rise up to nine billion till 2050. Poor soil health, poor water quality and water shortage, insect pest complex, and unpredictable climatic patterns are predominant problems to cotton production. Hence, there is a great challenge to manage cotton crop in a sustainable fashion without the degradation of soil, water, and environment due to climate variability. There are several factors associated with low production of cotton including improper sowing and picking, poor pesticide spraying approaches, inappropriate amount and time of irrigation, processing and ginning through inappropriate and primitive procedures, heat stress, lack of disease- and pest-tolerant varieties, improper nutrient management, improper disease management, and improper weed management. It is the need of the hour to adopt the modern technologies and applications for sustainable cotton production. There are several modern technologies which can increase the production of cotton and make the idea of sustainability feasible because of their site-specific management of all agricultural inputs. GPS, GIS, and remote sensing technologies make the precise seeding of cotton seed, fertilizers, and pesticides. IPM, IWM, and INM are the well-developed modern concepts which not only reduce the cost of production but also mitigate the emission of greenhouse gases. For sustainable cotton production, implementation of these modern concepts is crucial so that the human beings will get benefits in the future. Therefore, this chapter will be focused on the recently developed technologies which can be sustainably utilized for the better management of cotton crop across the world. This chapter will explore the importance of Decision Support system (DSS) for sustainable cotton production; role of GPS, GIS, and remote sensing for identifying site-specific factors such as soil quality indicators; importance of transgenic cotton; impact of mechanical sowing and picking on sustainable cotton production; use of UAVs for nutrient and pesticide management; and impacts of modern concepts on increasing agronomic production and advancing global fiber and oil security.

Keywords

Sustainable cotton production GIS GPS Remote sensing Fiber security 

Abbreviations

ARIMA

Autoregressive integrated moving average

ARMA

Autoregressive moving average

CSM

Cropping system model

DSS

Decision support system

EC

Electrical conductivity

ET

Evapotranspiration

FDR

Frequency domain reflectometry

GIS

Geographic information system

GPS

Global positioning system

GSM

Global system for mobile communication

IPM

Integrated pest management

IRS

Information retrieval system

IWM

Integrated weed management

LAI

Leaf area index

MARS

Marker-assisted recurrent selection

MAS

Marker-assisted selection

NDVI

Normalized difference vegetation index

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

PA

Precision agriculture

RS

Remote sensing

SCY

Seed cotton yield

SEBAL

Surface energy balance algorithm for land

UAV

Unmanned aerial vehicle

VRA

Variable rate application

VWC

Volumetric water content

WHO

World Health Organization

WUE

Water use efficiency

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Ghaffar
    • 1
  • Muhammad Habib ur Rahman
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hafiz Rizwan Ali
    • 1
  • Ghulam Haider
    • 1
  • Saeed Ahmad
    • 1
  • Shah Fahad
    • 3
    • 4
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyMuhammad Nawaz Shareef University of AgricultureMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation (INRES) Crop Science GroupUniversity BonnBonnGermany
  3. 3.Department of AgricultureUniversity of SwabiSwabiPakistan
  4. 4.College of Plant Science and TechnologyHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanP.R. China
  5. 5.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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