Applications of Crop Modeling in Cotton Production

  • Ghulam Abbas
  • Zartash Fatima
  • Muhammad Tariq
  • Mukhtar Ahmed
  • Muhammad Habib ur Rahman
  • Wajid Nasim
  • Ghulam Rasul
  • Shakeel AhmadEmail author


Cotton growth models are being generally used by cotton scientists as well as policy makers across globe as an important and effective research tool. Cotton simulation models have been applied during last and current decades for the analysis of the cotton plant responses to drought, heat, and nutrients stress as well as to test the alternating optimum sowing window under climate warming trend in cotton belt. Cotton growth models are useful research tools in worldwide. Mostly cotton models were applied for climatic changes, cotton management practices, and irrigation strategies on lint and cottonseed yield in worldwide. All cotton models were successfully used at local, regional, and national levels in worldwide, but among all cotton growth models, CROPGRO-Cotton model was mostly used by researchers and policy makers. For irrigation management strategies, mostly AquaCrop model was used by researchers.


Model Climate change Irrigation Management CROPGRO Phenology 



Coefficient residual mass


Decision support system for agro-technology transfer


General circulation model


Leaf area index


Maximum leaf area


Normalized root mean square error


Representative concentration pathway


Root mean square error


Radiation use efficiency


Seed cotton yield


Total dry matter


Water use efficiency



The author acknowledged the funding by the Higher Education Commission (HEC), Islamabad (HEC-NRPU-4511), and Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ghulam Abbas
    • 1
  • Zartash Fatima
    • 1
  • Muhammad Tariq
    • 2
  • Mukhtar Ahmed
    • 3
  • Muhammad Habib ur Rahman
    • 4
  • Wajid Nasim
    • 5
  • Ghulam Rasul
    • 6
    • 7
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Central Cotton Research InstituteMultanPakistan
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyPMAS Arid Agriculture UniversityRawalpindiPakistan
  4. 4.Department of AgronomyMuhammad Nawaz Shareef University of AgricultureMultanPakistan
  5. 5.Department of Agronomy, University College of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesIslamia University of BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan
  6. 6.International Center for Integrated Mountain DevelopmentKathmanduNepal
  7. 7.Pakistan Meteorological DepartmentIslamabadPakistan

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