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Abiotic Stresses Mediated Changes in Morphophysiology of Cotton Plant

  • Sibgha NoreenEmail author
  • Shakeel AhmadEmail author
  • Zartash Fatima
  • Iqra Zakir
  • Pakeeza Iqbal
  • Kamrun Nahar
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Chapter
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Cotton plant is a warm-weather-loving perennial shrub and now has been domesticated to an annual crop cycle for commercial purposes. It belongs to genus Gossypium (G. hirsutum L., G. barbadense L., G. herbaceum L., G. arboreum L.), widely grown in arid, semiarid, and tropical climates. Globally, of these, G. hirsutum L. (the upland cottons) occupies about 95% of total 33–35 million hectares (2.5% of arable land) of land under cotton cultivation. Cotton crop is not only a natural fiber resource but also a food and feed for billions of humans and livestock. The projected increase in population is 9.0 billion by 2030, which would require an additional quantum of fiber and cotton seed production by more than 70% over the current level of productivity. Cotton plant having an indeterminate growth habit is highly vulnerable to occurrence of persistent and/or intermittent changes in the environments. The footprints of abiotic stresses are more visible on growth and development than those of biotic stresses. In the days to come, under the aegis of climate change, the sustainability of cotton productivity from productive and marginal lands rests by maintaining balance between vegetative and reproductive development from seedlings through maturity. The prevalence of imbalance state (either short or long duration) could lead to loss in farm income. The potential yield could be harvested by transitioning cotton plant from “green cotton” to “white cotton.” This is an effort to manipulate the plant for transporting its greater photo-assimilates from source to sink organs. Farm manager is ought to be proactive and skillful in adopting certain management tools, monitoring crop development, selection of tolerant/resistant cultivars, nutrient management, and phytosanitary measures to reinforce cotton plant for abreasting the external vagaries.

Keywords

Morphophysiological attributes Abiotic stresses Cotton Plant mapping Source-sink relationship 

Abbreviations

AP

Ascorbate peroxidase

CAT

Catalase

CO2

Carbon dioxide

DD

Degree-days

DPA

Days post-anthesis

EDU

Ethylene diurea

ET

Evapotranspiration

GHG

Greenhouse gas

GR

Glutathione reductase

HSP

Heat shock proteins

LEA

Late embryogenesis abundant

O3

Ozone

Pn

Net photosynthesis

PPFD

Photosynthetic photon flux density

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sibgha Noreen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zartash Fatima
    • 3
  • Iqra Zakir
    • 3
  • Pakeeza Iqbal
    • 4
  • Kamrun Nahar
    • 5
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Pure and Applied BiologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  4. 4.Department of BotanyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  5. 5.Department of Agricultural BotanySher-e-Bangla Agricultural UniversityDhakaBangladesh
  6. 6.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureSher-e-Bangla Agricultural UniversityDhakaBangladesh

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