Optimal Selection of Electric Motor for E-Rickshaw Application Using MCDM Tools

  • Abhinav Anand
  • Dipanjan Ghose
  • Sudeep Pradhan
  • ShabbiruddinEmail author
  • Akash Kumar Bhoi
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1040)


Implementation and ultimate establishment of a sustainable environment require many transformations at minor levels. Vehicular emissions from traditional fuel cars have long been accounted for a major hindrance to such developments and hence to eliminate its intrusion, usage of electric vehicles (EV) is promoted. In a developing nation like India, an e-rickshaw can ensure an environment-friendly as well as economic support to the societal backbone. However, to ensure the efficient working of the e-rickshaw at optimum costs as well, the type of motor used should be placed under careful examination. In this study, brushless DC (BLDC) motors, series wound DC motors and three-phase AC induction motors were analyzed using seven multidimensional criteria comprising motor specifications, technical as well as economic factors, using the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) methodology to obtain a suitable motor applicable for usage in e-rickshaws. The weights for the criteria were obtained using Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) method. The study stands quite novel in its area of application and the methodology used can be implemented in any study of similar nature.


Electrical machines Sustainable development Electric motors Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) DEMATEL TOPSIS method EV 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhinav Anand
    • 1
  • Dipanjan Ghose
    • 1
  • Sudeep Pradhan
    • 1
  • Shabbiruddin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akash Kumar Bhoi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringSikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Sikkim Manipal UniversityEast SikkimIndia

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