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Review of Source Apportionment of Particulate Matter for Indian Scenario

  • S. A. NihalaniEmail author
  • A. K. Khambete
  • N. D. Jariwala
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 61)

Abstract

Heavy metals accompanying ambient particulate matter having the size less than 10 μm can infiltrate the lungs in a deeper portion and be retained there. They are not washed out easily and can lead to various health problems. Heavy metals may be released from anthropogenic sources like fossil fuel combustion, solid waste incineration, metallurgical process, and soil dust blown by the wind which gets distributed in the air over a large area. Heavy metals if present in air, even at smaller concentrations are lethal. They are associated with numerous health effects like cancer, cardiotoxicity, neurotoxicity, immunotoxicity causing a rise in disease/death. Therefore, the study of heavy metals in ambient air is significant in air pollution analysis. Further, it is essential to gather data regarding sources and their corresponding contributions, to devise active pollution control programmes and policies for a reduction in ambient air particulate matter concentration. An inclusive evaluation for particulate SA studies has been made in the Indian context, bearing in mind most appropriate particulate sources and their temporal variations.

Keywords

Particulate Receptor model Source apportionment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Nihalani
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. K. Khambete
    • 1
  • N. D. Jariwala
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia

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