Advances in Plant–Microbe-Based Remediation Approaches for Environmental Cleanup

  • Sanjeev Kumar
  • Nisha Kumari
  • Susmita Karmakar
  • Ankit
  • Ritu SinghEmail author
  • Monalisha Behera
  • Anita Rani
  • Narendra Kumar
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 18)


In the present era, one of the most concerning issues is environmental contamination which is endangering human health and the ecosystem, thus the identification and proper implementation of suitable technologies for remediation of contaminated sites is a prerequisite for sustainable development. In this context, several methods have been developed for the mitigation of the adverse impacts of toxic/hazardous contaminants. In the past decade, lot of research have been focused over improving the performance of established remedial technologies with the objective of eliminating the drawbacks and reducing the contaminant concentration to acceptable limits. Plant–microbe interaction has not been extensively studied in agriculture field only but another area in which the partnerships of plants and microbes have been explored is environmental cleanup. Plant–microbe interaction has been found to be a promising approach for in situ remediation of various organic/inorganic pollutants. It offers several ecological and cost-associated benefits. Plant–microbe-assisted phytoremediation could be improved further through genetically modified plants and microbes. The present chapter reviews the role of plant–microbe partnership in removal/detoxification/degradation of different category of contaminants. Additionally, the advancements made in microbe-assisted phytoremediation through the use of transgenic recombinants and integrated nanotechnology are also discussed.


Plant–microbe partnership Remediation Transgenic plants Phytoremediation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjeev Kumar
    • 1
  • Nisha Kumari
    • 2
  • Susmita Karmakar
    • 1
  • Ankit
    • 1
  • Ritu Singh
    • 2
    Email author
  • Monalisha Behera
    • 2
  • Anita Rani
    • 3
  • Narendra Kumar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth SciencesCentral University of RajasthanAjmerIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanyDyal Singh College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia

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