Application of Nanoparticles in Environmental Cleanup: Production, Potential Risks and Solutions

  • Lienda Handojo
  • Daniel Pramudita
  • Dave Mangindaan
  • Antonius IndartoEmail author
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 18)


Wastes are unavoidable by-products of human production and consumption activities and have been a primary cause of environmental issues. The release of wastes such as pesticides, textile dyes, and heavy metals that end up polluting environment have endangered not only human health but also biodiversity in general. According to recent developments, the use of nanotechnology for environmental cleanup is evidently promising. Enhanced properties of nanoparticles attributed to their larger surface area enable them to perform in a number of remediation methods such as absorption, adsorption, filtration, chemical reaction, and photocatalysis. This chapter focuses on the applications of four groups of nanomaterials: zero-valent iron nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, zeolites, and metal oxide nanoparticles for environmental remediation. As a growing research priority, the development of nanotechnology for environmental cleanup has also raised significant concerns on nanoparticle production routes that can be technically challenging. Various fabrication methods ranging from conventional pathways such as physical, chemical, and electrochemical to novel production technique involving biosynthesis are discussed in this review. Despite the useful application, exposures to nanomaterials in the environment also bring potential hazards to plants, animals, and humans. This chapter discusses possible solutions for the aforementioned issue and provides a summary of recent developments of nanoparticle utilization for textile dye and toxic pollutant removals.


Textile dye Environmental issues Nanomaterials Nanotechnology Environmental remediation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lienda Handojo
    • 1
  • Daniel Pramudita
    • 1
  • Dave Mangindaan
    • 2
  • Antonius Indarto
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringInstitut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Food TechnologyBina Nusantara UniversityWest JakartaIndonesia

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