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Research on Noise Reduction Effect of Green Belts on Expressway

  • Jianfeng ZhangEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The impact of highways on the sound environment mainly refers to the noise effects generated by highways. Noise is a public hazard that affects people’s living environment and causes people to be hurt. The noise generated by the road comes from two aspects: the noise generated by various construction machinery during construction and the noise generated by the vehicles running on the road during the operation period. In addition to the noise generated by the engine and the vehicle body, road noise is particularly serious when the wheels are strongly rubbed against the road surface during high-speed driving, and the roads are raised, and the noise can reach far away. The size of the noise is proportional to the speed of the vehicle and increases with the vehicle speed going up. When the vehicle accelerates, the noise increases by about 2–9 dB. The noise of the heavy-duty vehicle is larger than that of the light-duty vehicle. Therefore, in highway traffic, the noise is accompanied by the proportion of large-sized vehicle increase and rises. In addition, traffic noise is directly related to the length of the road and the amount of traffic. When the traffic volume is less than 1000 vehicles/hour, the noise is proportional to the traffic volume. The noise pollution caused by motor vehicle travel is unsteady and long term, and its damage is also large. In this chapter, the Model 4110 noise meter continuous fixed-point measurement method is used to explore the noise absorption effect of different greening modes (green belt, interchange intersection, entrance ramp area, and service area green space) on the expressway side. The measurement results showed that the green belt on the road side has obvious weakening effect on noise, and the greening of the interchangeable interchange area, the entrance ramp area, and the service area have better absorption and noise reduction effects. In short, by planting green belts on the highway, noise can be effectively attenuated.

Keywords

Highway Greening mode Noise Green belt 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of ForestryHangzhouChina

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