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The Role of Ionizing Radiation-Induced Mutations in the Development of Rice Cultivars

  • Abdul Majeed
  • Zahir Muhammad
  • Rehmanullah
  • Saira Siyar
Chapter

Abstract

The current global human population is estimated to be more than 7.4 billion, which is likely to increase many folds in the coming years. An outpaced growth in the population could offer severe challenges for food production stakeholders in the future. Since agricultural crops are the key determinants in the global food supply, improvement of the yield potential of major field crops is crucially necessary in order to address future food security issues. Mutation breeding in crops, triggered by ionizing radiation, has the spacious potential for application in agriculture for increasing their yields and production output due to its ability to cause high-frequency mutations with possible development of desired agronomical traits in crops of interest. The development and release of hundreds of high-yielding and stress-tolerant crop cultivars as a result of decades-long mutation breeding efforts (mainly with ionizing radiations) suggest further expansion of the induced breeding research activities. Irradiation-triggered mutations can either directly result in high-yielding genotypes in the first generation of target crops or further evaluation would be required to screen out superior trait progenies (STP) through successive evaluation. This chapter aims at highlighting the role of ionizing radiation as a mutation breeding approach in agriculture with a specific focus on the directly induced cultivars of rice developed with ionizing radiation so far. Types of radiation and mechanism of mutation induction in crops are also briefly discussed.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Low yield STP Mutation breeding Productivity Food security 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Majeed
    • 1
  • Zahir Muhammad
    • 2
  • Rehmanullah
    • 2
  • Saira Siyar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Botany Government Degree College Naguman PeshawarPeshawarPakistan
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of PeshawarPeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyQurtuba University of Science and TechnologyPeshawarPakistan

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