Design and Development of Polarization-Independent Power Splitter Using Coupled Silicon Waveguides

  • Swagata SamantaEmail author
  • Pallab Banerji
  • Pranabendu Ganguly
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


The design, fabrication, and characterization of 1 × 2 polarization-independent 3-dB power splitter using three-coupled silicon wire/rib waveguides are presented in this chapter.


  1. 1.
    P. Ganguly, J.C. Biswas, S. Das, S.K. Lahiri, A three-waveguide polarization independent power splitter on lithium niobate substrate. Opt. Commun. 168, 349–354 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Calo, A. D’Orazio, V. Petruzzelli, Broadband Mach-Zehnder switch for photonic networks on chip. J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 944–952 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Stegmaier, W.H.P. Pernice, Broadband directional coupling in aluminum nitride nanophotonic circuits. Opt. Exp. 21, 7304–7315 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Ogiwara, Optical waveguide 3 × 3 switch: theory of tuning and control. Appl. Opt. 18, 510–515 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Samanta, P.K. Dey, P. Banerji, P. Ganguly, A 1 × 2 polarization-independent power splitter using three-coupled silicon rib waveguides. J. Opt. 20, 095801 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Ganguly, J.C. Biswas, S.K. Lahiri, Modelling of titanium indiffused lithium niobate channel waveguide bends: a matrix approach. Opt. Commun. 155, 125–134 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Heiblum, Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 75–83 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, M.R. Shenoy, Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach. J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 660–667 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.R. Shenoy, K. Thyagarajan, A. Ghatak, Numerical analysis of optical fibers using matrix approach. J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1285–1291 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P.K. Dey, P. Ganguly, A technical report on fabrication of SU-8 optical waveguides. J. Opt. 43, 79–83 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Solehmainen, T. Aalto, J. Dekker, M. Kapulainen, M. Harjanne, K. Kukli, P. Heimala, K. Kolari, M. Leskela, Dry-etched silicon-on-insulator waveguides with low propagation and fiber-coupling losses. J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3875–3880 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.S. Xia, J.Z. Yu, Z.C. Fan, Z.T. Wang, S.W. Chen, Multimode interference 3-dB coupler in silicon-on-insulator based on silicon rib waveguides with trapezoidal cross section. Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 104–106 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Z. Jingtao, Z. Huihui, L. Xinyu, Design and fabrication of a compact multimode interference splitter with silicon photonic nanowires. Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 1041–1044 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.H. Tao, Q. Fang, J.F. Song, M.B. Yu, G.Q. Lo, D.L. Kwong, Cascade wide-angle Y-junction 1 × 16 optical power splitter based on silicon wire waveguides on silicon-on-insulator. Opt. Exp. 16, 21456–21461 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Y. Quan, P.D. Han, Q.J. Ran, F.P. Zeng, L.P. Gao, C.H. Zhao, A photonic wire-based directional coupler based on SOI. Opt. Commun. 281, 3105–3110 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, S.I. Itabashi, Ultrasmall polarization splitter based on silicon wire waveguides. Opt. Exp. 14, 12401–12408 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Chee, S. Zhu, G.Q. Lo, CMOS compatible polarization splitter using hybrid plasmonic waveguide. Opt. Exp. 20, 25345–25355 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swagata Samanta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pallab Banerji
    • 2
  • Pranabendu Ganguly
    • 2
  1. 1.University of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations