Advertisement

Indoor Climate Experience and Thermal Comfort Expectation in Buildings

  • Maohui LuoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Climate change is one of the urgent issues we humans must face in this century. But when talking about climate change most people will think of outdoor global warming while few can notice the changes in indoor climates we experience. In fact, our living places have always been ‘evolving’, from caves and wild fields in primitive age to ancient buildings with exquisite shapes and styles, and to modern buildings with advanced Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning systems (HVAC). Especially since the appearance of air-conditioning in the last century, the thermal environment in modern buildings has been tightly controlled with a goal of creating thermal neutrality, emphasizing conditions that are constant through time, and uniform through space. Unfortunately, this trend is also associated with increased energy use to maintain these conditions. One way to mitigate climate change through reduced energy use in buildings is to re-evaluate what makes us comfortable.

References

  1. 1.
    Banham R (1969) The architecture of the well-tempered environment. The Architectural Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kempton W, Feuermann D, McGarity A (1992) I always turn it on supper: user decisions about when and how to operate air conditioners. Energy Build 18:177–191Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shove E, Chappells H (2003) Future comforts: re-conditioning urban environments. Department of Sociology, Lancaster University, UK, Lancaster, UKGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Healy S (2008) Air-conditioning and the ‘homogenization’ of people and built environments. Build Res Inf 36(4):312–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wilhite H (2009) The conditioning of comfort. Build Res Inf 37(1):84–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mavrogianni A, Johnson F, Ucci M et al (2013) Historic variations in winter indoor domestic temperatures and potential implications for body weight gain. Indoor Built Environ 22(2):360–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Meyer W (2002) Why indoor climates change: a case study. Clim Change 55(3):395–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hasegawa K, Yoshino H, Ishikawa Y, Matsumoto S (2005) Regional characteristics transition of winter thermal performance and occupants’ behavior of detached houses in Tohoku city area for 20 years. J Environ Eng Archit Inst Jpn 593:33–40 (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yoshino H, Yoshino Y, Zhang Q et al (2006) Indoor thermal environment and energy saving for urban residential buildings in China. Energy Build 38(11):1308–1319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cao B, Luo M, Zhou X, Li M et al (2016) Too cold or too warm? A winter thermal comfort study in different climate zones in China. Energy Build 133:469–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Arens E, Humphreys M, de Dear R, Zhang H (2010) Are ‘class A’ temperature requirements realistic or desirable? Build Environ 45:4–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    McIntyre DA (1981) Design requirements for a comfortable environment. Stud Environ Sci 10:195–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fountain M, Brager G, de Dear R (1996) Expectations of indoor climate control. Energy Build 24:179–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Brager GS, de Dear RJ (1998) Thermal adaptation in the built environment: a literature review. Energy Build 27(1):83–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fanger PO, Toftum J (2002) Extension of the PMV model to non-air-conditioned buildings in warm climates. Energy Build 34(6):533–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nicol J, Humphreys M (2002) Adaptive thermal comfort and sustainable thermal standards for buildings. Energy Build 34(6):563–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rajasekar E, Ramachandraiah A (2010) Adaptive comfort and thermal expectations—a subjective evaluation in hot humid climate. In: Proceedings of conference: adapting to change: new thinking on comfort cumberland lodge, Windsor, UKGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Andamon MM, Williamson TJ, Soebarto VI (2006) Perceptions and expectations of thermal comfort in the Philippines. In: Proceedings of Windsor 2006 conference: comfort and energy use in buildings—getting them right. Windsor, UKGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Amin R, Teli D, James P, Bourikas L (2016) The influence of a student’s ‘home’ climate on room temperature and indoor environmental controls use in modern halls of residence. Energy Build 119:331–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang Z, Ji Y, Ren J (2017) Thermal adaptation in overheated residential buildings in severe cold area in China. Energy Build 146:322–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Luo M, de Dear R, Ji W et al (2016) The dynamics of thermal comfort expectations: problem, challenge and implication. Build Environ 95:322–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ning H, Wang Z, Ji Y (2016) Thermal history and adaptation: does a long-term indoor thermal exposure impact human thermal adaptability? Appl Energy 183:22–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Luo M, Cao B, Zhou X (2014) Can personal control influence human thermal comfort? A field study in residential buildings in China in winter. Energy Build 72:411–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Li B, Tan M, Liu H et al (2010) Occupant’s perception and preference of thermal environment in free-running buildings in China. Indoor Built Environ 19(4):405–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Han J, Yang W, Zhou J et al (2009) A comparative analysis of urban and rural residential thermal comfort under natural ventilation environment. Energy Build 41(2):139–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sawilowsky SS (2009) New effect size rules of thumb. J Mod Appl Stat Methods 8(2):597–599MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Luo M, Cao B, Ouyang Q, Zhu Y (2017) Indoor human thermal adaptation: dynamic processes and weighting factors. Indoor Air 27(2):273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu W, Zheng Y, Deng Q, Yang L (2012) Human thermal adaptive behavior in naturally ventilated offices for different outdoor air temperatures: a case study in Changsha China. Build Environ 50:76–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li B, Yu W, Liu M, Li N (2011) Climatic strategies of indoor thermal environment for residential buildings in Yangtze River Region, China. Indoor Built Environ 20(1):101–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Morewedge C, Giblin C (2015) Explanations of the endowment effect: an integrative review. Trends Cogn Sci 19(6):339–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kahneman D, Tversky A (1979) Prospect theory: an analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica 47:263–292MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ghahramani A, Tang C, Becerik-Gerber B (2015) An online learning approach for quantifying personalized thermal comfort via adaptive stochastic modeling. Build Environ 92:86–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ghahramani A, Castro G, Becerik-Gerber B, Yu X (2016) Infrared thermography of human face for monitoring thermoregulation performance and estimating personal thermal comfort. Build Environ 109:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.  2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tongji UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations