Effect of Composition and Process Parameter on Mechanical Properties of Composite Coating by Laser Cladding: An Overview

  • Ranit KarmakarEmail author
  • Subrata Kumar Ghosh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Laser cladding is one of the finest surface modification techniques, to incorporate greater hardness, less wear and corrosion, resistance to oxidation at elevated temperature as well as very low coefficient of friction. Coating with different characteristics can be synthesized by control of the matrix and reinforcement composition of the coating, substrate material, and process parameters of laser beam precisely. Before starting any investigation or research, an investigator have to gather a thorough idea about previous studies in the relevant field. Hence, this article depicts the effect of input parameter on quality of laser cladded coating. In addition, effect on performances and different mechanical properties like microhardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and adhesion strength are also overviewed. Finally, the trends of future development are forecasted which will help a new research scholar to find interest in the field of laser cladded coating and its quality.


Laser cladding Coating Microhardness Wear resistance Corrosion resistance 


  1. 1.
    Vilar R (1999) Laser cladding. J Laser Appl 11:64–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ocelk V, Heeswijk VV, Hosson JTMD, Csach K (2004) Foam coating on aluminum alloy with laser cladding. J Laser Appl 16:79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Santo L (2008) Laser cladding of metals: a review. Int J Surf Sci Eng 2:327–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    More SR, Bhatt DV, Menghani JV (2017) Resent research status on laser cladding as erosion resistance technique—an overview. Mater Today Proc 4:9902–9908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang W (2013) Influence of scanning speed on microstructure and hardness during laser cladding high-Cr cast iron. Appl Mech Mater 395–396:1127–1131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bykovskiy DP, Petrovskiy VN, Murzakov MA, Mironov VD, Dzhumaev PS, Polski VI (2015) Formation of multilayer claddings using high-power fiber laser radiation. In: 18th conference on plasma-surface interactions, pp 227–231. Physics Procedia, MoscowCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen JL, Li J, Song R, Bai LL, Shao JZ, Qu CC (2015) Effect of the scanning speed on microstructural evolution and wear behaviors of laser cladding NiCrBSi composite coatings. Opt Laser Technol 72:86–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yao F, Zhang XC, Sui JF, Tu ST, Xuan FZ, Wang ZD (2015) Microstructure and wear resistance of one-step in-situ synthesized TiN/Al composite coatings on Ti6Al4V alloy by a laser nitriding process. Opt Laser Technol 76:78–85Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Farayibi PK, Murray JW, Huang L, Boud F, Kinnell PK, Clare AT (2014) Erosion resistance of laser clad Ti-6Al-4 V/WC composite for waterjet tooling. J Mater Process Technol 214:710–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Riveiro A, Mejías A, Lusquiños F, Val JD, Comesaña R, Pardo J, Pou J (2014) Laser cladding of aluminium on AISI 304 stainless steel with high-power diode lasers. Surf Coat Technol 253:214–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Farnia A, Ghaini FM, Sabbaghzadeh J (2013) Effects of pulse duration and overlapping factor on melting ratio in preplaced pulsed Nd:YAG laser cladding. Opt Lasers Eng 51:69–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yan H, Wang AH, Zhang XL, Huang ZW, Wang WY, Xie JP (2010) Nd:YAG laser cladding Ni base alloy/nano-h-BN self-lubricating composite coatings. Mater Sci Technol 26:461–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abioye TE, Folkes J, Clare AT, McCartney DG (2013) Concurrent Inconel 625 wire and WC powder laser cladding: process stability and microstructural characterisation. Surf Eng 29:647–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu YH, Li J, Xuan FZ (2012) Fabrication of TiC reinforced Ni based coating by laser cladding. Surf Eng 28(8):560–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu YH, Li J, Xuan FZ (2012) Fabrication of TiC reinforced Ni based coating by laser cladding. Surf Eng 28:560–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Haldar B, Karmakar S, Saha P, Chattopadhyay AB (2014) In situ multicomponent MMC coating developed on Ti-6Al-4V substrate. Surf Eng 30:256–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Varela JA, Amado JM, Tobar MJ, Mateo MP, Ya˜nez A, Nicolas G (2015) Characterization of hard coatings produced by laser cladding using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique. Appl Surf Sci 336:396–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sahu JK, Sahoo CK, Masanta M (2015) In-situ TiB2–TiC–Al2O3 composite coating on aluminum by laser surface modification. Mater Manuf Process 30:736–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Weng Z, Wang A, Wu X, Wang Y, Yang Z (2016) Wear resistance of diode laser-clad Ni/WC composite coatings at different temperatures. Surf Coat Technol 304:283–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bartkowski D, Bartkowska A (2017) Wear resistance in the soil of Stellite-6/WC coatings produced using laser cladding method. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 64:20–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shu D, Li Z, Yao C, Li D, Dai Z (2017) In situ synthesised WC reinforced nickel coating by laser cladding. Surf Eng 34:276–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang C, Gao Y, Zeng Z, Fu Y (2017) Effect of rare-earth on friction and wear properties of laser cladding Ni-based coatings on 6063Al. J Alloys Compd 727:278–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    He H, Fu YC, Guo WH, Xiao M, Pang XZ, Shen XM, Zeng JM (2013) Microstructure and corrosion behavior of laser cladding Al3Ti-based composite coatings on AA6063 aluminum alloy. Adv Mater Res 634–638:2973–2978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lei J, Shi C, Zhou S, Gu S, Zhang LC (2018) Enhanced corrosion and wear resistance properties of carbon fiber reinforced Ni-based composite coating by laser cladding. Surf Coat Technol 334:274–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang Z, Yu T, Kovacevic R (2017) Erosion and corrosion resistance of laser cladded AISI 420 stainless steel reinforced with VC. Appl Surf Sci 410:225–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Brito VRSS, Bastos IN, Costa HRM (2012) Corrosion resistance and characterization of metallic coatings deposited by thermal spray on carbon steel. Mater Des 41:282–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Paul CP, Alemohammad H, Toyserkani E, Khajepour A, Corbin S (2007) Cladding of WC–12 Co on low carbon steel using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser. Mater Sci Eng A 464:170–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNIT AgartalaAgartalaIndia

Personalised recommendations