An Experimental Study of Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Palm Kernel Methyl Ester with Ethanol Additive: A Fuzzy-Based Optimization Approach

  • Siddhartha Das
  • Bijoy Kumar DebEmail author
  • G. R. K. Sastry
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Researches on alternate fuels have been gaining the attention of researchers worldwide due to the energy crisis. The fossil fuel sources which are used as the most important resource of energy at present are not enough to meet the increasing energy demand. The whole world is now searching for renewable energy sources. Biodiesel reduces the emission of harmful gases to the environment. Biodiesel was produced from the palm kernel oil using transesterification process. In the present experiment, the engine was fueled with diesel and blends containing 5, 10, and 15% of palm kernel methyl ester. The developed Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) fuzzy model predictions show the correlation coefficients in the range 0.908–0.998 for B15 as it has given a better performance and emission than other blends.


Palm kernel methyl ester Performance Emission Optimization MIMO fuzzy model 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siddhartha Das
    • 1
  • Bijoy Kumar Deb
    • 2
    Email author
  • G. R. K. Sastry
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Automobile EngineeringTripura Institute of TechnologyAgartalaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringTripura Institute of TechnologyAgartalaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTadepalligudemIndia

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