Circular Economy Initiatives in Norway

  • Kåre Helge KarstensenEmail author
  • Christian John Engelsen
  • Palash Kumar Saha


Circular economy is a principle of economic activity that aims to ensure that resources remain in the economy for as long as possible. This may be achieved by reducing raw material consumption, waste generation, emissions and energy consumption. The waste and recycling industry represent the largest part of the circular economy today, and it is estimated that more than 600 million tons of wastes can be recycled or reused in Europe (EC 2015).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kåre Helge Karstensen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian John Engelsen
    • 1
  • Palash Kumar Saha
    • 1
  1. 1.Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF)OsloNorway

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