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Circular Economy—Situation in Israel

  • Shira DaskalEmail author
  • Ofira Ayalon
Chapter

Abstract

Circular economy (CE) is still in its infancy in Israel. In the past years, the Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection (IMoEP) and the Israeli Ministry of Economy and Industry (IMoE&I) have started consolidating numerous plans toward achieving CE. Yet the main activities in this field in the past three decades were related to waste management and recycling, in an effort for closing the municipal solid waste (MSW) loop as a significant key factor in achieving a CE. The measures that were taken have been mainly reflected in regulation and legislation conducted by the IMoEP for increasing the overall recycling rates in Israel. The case of Israel, however, illustrates that even when there is an extensive regulation including laws, economic penalties, and financial incentives such as landfill levy, this does not guarantee achievements or improvements in MSW treatment and promote CE. The development of suitable infrastructure to enable achievement of the desired results is necessary. This chapter presents the main steps taken to promote recycling and additional plans consolidated for achieving CE in Israel.

Keywords

Circular economy Regulation Legislation Waste management Recycling Green growth 

List of Acronyms

BAT

Best Available Technology/Technique

CBS

Central Bureau of Statistics

CE

Circular Economy

EPR

Extended Producer Responsibility

IMoE&I

Israeli Ministry of Economy and Industry

IMoEP

Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection

MBT

Mechanical Biological Treatment

MSW

Municipal Solid Waste

NIMBY

Not In My Back Yard

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

RDF

Refuse Derived Fuel

SCP

Sustainable Consumption and Production

WTE

Waste to Energy

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of Natural Resources and Environmental ManagementUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael

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