Introduction to Turbocharging—A Perspective on Air Management System

  • D. A. Subramani
  • R. DhinagaranEmail author
  • V. R. Prasanth
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


This chapter provides an introduction to air management system with an emphasis on turbocharging, its role in emissions, fuel economy and performance. A typical turbocharger has a radial turbine run by the exhaust gas (thus extracting useful energy) which in turn spins a compressor that compresses air drawn from the atmosphere through the intake system. Sending compressed air into the engine allows more fuel to be burnt within the same volume, increasing the efficiency of the engine (lower surface area means lower frictional and heat transfer losses). In other words, a turbocharger could be used to “downsize” the internal combustion engine, with reduced losses. It is also accompanied by reduced emissions since the air flow could be increased as desired with a turbocharger.


  1. ANSYS-CFX V18.2, Ansys IncGoogle Scholar
  2. AxSTREAM, SoftInway IncGoogle Scholar
  3. Baines NC (2005) Fundamentals of turbocharging, concepts NRECGoogle Scholar
  4. Christopher M (2014) Ball bearing turbocharger – technology development. In: Schaeffler Symposium, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. Cumpsty N (2003) Jet propulsion, 2nd edn. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  6. Dhinagaran R, Balamurugan M, Seran K, Gopalakrishnan M, Vasudevan R, Swathi CL (2017) Development of efficient compressors for turbochargers. In: ASME GT2017-64359, Proceedings of the turbo expo turbomachinery technical conference & exposition, June 26–30, Charlotte, NC USAGoogle Scholar
  7. Dixon SL (1998) Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery, , 5th edn. Elsevier Butterworth–HeinemannGoogle Scholar
  8. eBooster, BorgWarner turbo systems.
  9. Feneley AJ, Pesiridisa A, Andwaria AM (2017) Variable geometry turbocharger technologies for exhaust energy recovery and boosting-a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 71:959–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fine/Turbo, Numeca IncGoogle Scholar
  11. ICCT Briefing (2016) A technical summary of Euro6/VI vehicle emission standards.
  12. Jean-Luc PF, Jerome WT, Voytek K (1991) Turbocharger compressor wheel assembly with boreless hub compressor wheel. US Patent US4986733AGoogle Scholar
  13. Laurent G (2012) Vehicle NVH design. Lecture notesGoogle Scholar
  14. Lewis RI (1996) Turbomachinery performance analysis, 1st edn. Butterworth-HeinemannGoogle Scholar
  15. Muszynska A (2005) Rotordynamics, vol 188. CRCGoogle Scholar
  16. Nguyen-Schafer H (2015) Rotordynamics of automotive turbochargers, 2nd edn. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  17. Nowald1 G, Boyaci1 A, Schmoll1 R, Koutsovasilis P, Schweizer B (2015) Influence of circumferential grooves on the non-linear oscillations of turbocharger rotors in floating ring bearings. In: The 14th IFTOMM world congress, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct 25–30Google Scholar
  18. Powerful turbocharging system for passenger car diesel engines (2014) BorgWarner Knowledge Library, BorgWarner Turbo Systems (BWTS) GmbhGoogle Scholar
  19. San Andres L (2012) On the effect of thermal energy transport to the performance of (semi) floating ring bearing systems for automotive. J Eng Gas Turbine Power 134Google Scholar
  20. Vanhaelst R, Kheir A, Czajka J (2016) A systematic analysis of the friction losses on bearings of modern turbocharger. Combust Engines 164(1):22–31Google Scholar
  21. Watson N, Janota MS (1982) Turbocharging the internal combustion engine. MacMillan Publishers LtdGoogle Scholar
  22. Fourier transformGoogle Scholar
  23. Xu C, Amano RS (2008) Design and optimization of turbo compressors. WIT Trans State Art Sci Eng 42Google Scholar
  24. Zucker RD, Biblarz O (2002) Fundamentals of gas dynamics, 2nd edn. WileyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Subramani
    • 1
  • R. Dhinagaran
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. R. Prasanth
    • 1
  1. 1.Turbo Energy Private Limited (TEL)ChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations