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Nutritional Management of Diseases

  • Kaveri Chakrabarty
  • A. S. Chakrabarty
Chapter
  • 72 Downloads

Abstract

Anorexia, malabsorption syndrome, impaired immune function, and increased susceptibility to infection will cause malnutrition in patients suffering from cancer. Malnutrition is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Atherosclerosis is the main factor for the genesis of cardiovascular diseases. Liver dysfunction or failure causes malnutrition due to anorexia, impaired digestion, malabsorption syndrome, pancreatic insufficiency, and hepatorenal syndrome. Renal hypertension, hyperkalemia, metabolic bone disease, anemia, and uremia are the main features of renal diseases related to nutrition. Malnutrition due to gastrointestinal diseases is due to cancer, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and cystic fibrosis. Malabsorption syndrome leading to malnutrition is one of the common features of patients infected with HIV. Proper nutrition will minimize the side effects of antiretroviral drugs and will slow progression to the final stage of AIDS.

Keywords

Cancer Cardiovascular diseases Liver diseases Renal diseases Gastrointestinal diseases AIDS 

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Further Reading

  1. Elia M et al (eds) (2013) Clinical nutrition, 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  2. Jochems SHJ et al (2018) Impact of dietary patterns and the main food groups on mortality and recurrence in cancer survivors: a systematic review of current epidemiological literature. BMJ Open 8(2):e014530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. WHO (2003) Diet nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. WHO technical report series 916. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaveri Chakrabarty
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. S. Chakrabarty
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyHansraj College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and BiophysicsSchool of Medicine, Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysiologyMaulana Azad Medical CollegeNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysiologyJawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate, Medical Education and ResearchPuducherryIndia
  5. 5.Department of PhysiologyVardhman Mahavir Medical CollegeNew DelhiIndia

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