Basics of R

  • Shashi Kant MishraEmail author
  • Bhagwat Ram


The Open image in new window language was developed as a statistical programming language for analyzing, modeling, and visualizing the data. The Open image in new window is very popular among the data scientists to handle the large volume of data. It is a well-developed, simple, and effective programming language which supports conditionals, loops, user-defined functions, and input/output functions, etc. The Open image in new window is an open-source program and is freely available whereas the RStudio is an integrated development environment (IDE) which is treated as a front-end for giving us a Console, a Scripting Window, a Graphics Window, and an Open image in new window Workspace, etc. In this book, we write our programs in the Open image in new window Scripts and see the output on the Open image in new window Console, and display the graphs in the Graphics Window provided by RStudio.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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