Advertisement

Effect of Lime and Cement on Strength and Volume Change Behavior of Black Cotton Soil

  • Majid HussainEmail author
Conference paper
  • 39 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 56)

Abstract

Lime stabilization continues to be the widely used technique to control the swell-shrink properties of expansive soils. In this paper, results of an experimental study conducted to understand the effect of lime and/or cement on engineering properties of expansive (Black Cotton Soils, (BCS)) collected from Bharuch, Gujarat India are presented. Effect of lime and cement, curing period and specimen preparation on shear strength and compressibility of untreated and treated BCS is studied. Results from the study showed a decrease in LL and the increase of PL with a considerable reduction in PI. Reduction in PI increased with increasing lime content. Physical mixing of soil, lime and/or cement was achieved by two methods: Method 1 (mixture of soil and stabilizer(s) was cured and then specimens prepared and tested immediately) and Method 2 (specimens of treated soil were prepared, cured and then tested). Shear strength increased with curing period in the case of cement. Results show that Method 2 of physical mixing of soil and lime is effective in increasing shear strength and reducing the coefficient of compressibility or compression index. Treatment led to a reduction in swell pressures with magnitude profoundly affected by specimen preparation method and the presence of cement along with Cao. Method 2 of physical mixing of soil and stabilizer(s) was found to be efficient in improving the strength and volumetric behavior of BCS.

Keywords

Expansive soils Swell pressure Unconfined compressive strength Compressibility 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The support and guidance provided by Prof. G. Venkatappa Rao throughout the study are highly acknowledged.

References

  1. 1.
    Bell FG (1988) Stabilization and treatment of clay soils with lime. Part 1. Basic principles. Ground Eng 21:10–15Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bell FG (1988) Stabilization and treatment of clay soils with lime. Part 2. Some applications. Ground Eng 21:22–30Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen FH (1988) Foundations on expansive soils. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Coulombe CE, Wilding LP, Dixon JB (1996) Overview of vertisols: characteristics and impacts on society. Adv Agron 57:289–375Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Donaldson GW (1969) The occurrence of problems of heave and the factors affecting its nature. In: Second international research and engineering conference on expansive clay soils, Texas A & M Press, pp 25–36Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jones DEJ, Holtz, WG (1973) Expansive soils–the hidden disaster. Civil Eng 43Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Katti RK (1979) Search for solutions to problems in black cotton soils. Indian Geotech J. 1st IGS Annual Lecture (1978) 9(1):1–80Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Katti RK, Kulkarni, Radhakrishna N (1966) Research on black cotton soils without and with inorganic additives. Indian Road Congress, Road Research Bulletin, No. 10Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sivapullaiah PV, Sridharan A, Bhaskar Raju KV (2000) Role of amount and type of clay in the lime stabilization of soils. Proc Inst Civil Eng Ground Improv 4(1):37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Venkatappa Rao G, Ramana GV (2000) State-of-the-art report on: lime soil stabilization. Indian Roads Congress, Special Report No. 1Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Venkatappa Rao G, Rekhi TS (1977) Physico-chemical mechanisms governing the plasticity behaviour of soils. Indian Geotech J 7(4):261–282Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology GandhinagarGandhinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations