A Review of Expansive Soil—Effects and Mitigation Techniques

  • Trudeep N. DaveEmail author
  • Arshad K. Siddiqui
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 56)


The swelling and shrinkage phenomenon in expansive soil is one of the major causes of infrastructure distress for decades. The soils with montmorillonite as primary mineral composition possess property of excessive volumetric variation during drying and wetting of soil. The volumetric changes depend on proportion of clay mineral available, their exchangeable ions, and internal microstructure. The construction of structures on expansive soils experiences tilting, total and differential settlements resulting in cracking of building and basement walls, upheaving of rigid and flexible pavements, cracking and failure of utility lines, and damage to doors and windows. In order to understand the behavior of expansive soil and to determine the extent of damage that may occur many studies have been conducted in the past. Further, to categorize the extent of damage and type of distress that can occur due to expansive soil and probable remedial measures that can be helpful to mitigate swelling pressure, large amount of literature is available. This paper reviews the state of the art research related to different types of distress caused due to expansive soil, severity of cracking damage, remedial measures, and points to be considered while selecting remedial measures for expansive soils.


Expansive soil Volumetric changes Superstructure distresses Mitigation techniques 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringInstitute of Infrastructure Technology Research and Management (IITRAM)AhmedabadIndia

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