Experimental Investigation for Damage Evaluation of Bridges Using Piezo-Transducers

  • Umesh T. JagadaleEmail author
  • Rutuja D. Kharade
  • Chittaranjan B. Nayak
  • Wasudeo D. Deulkar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 56)


In recent years, there is a continuous rise in construction activities in the field of civil engineering. The life of a structure depends on the initial strength and the maintenance of construction. The effects on infrastructure due to aging, deterioration, and extreme events are associated with the realization of the need for advanced structural health monitoring (SHM) and damage detection tools. Civil engineering structures such as bridges have a long design life and, therefore, unavoidably come across physical aging and deterioration. Through this SHM technology, early detection of structural damage and examination of the structural integrity is possible with a resultant optimization of maintenance of bridges. The electro-mechanical impedance (EMI) technique is a recent method that is comfortable to implement complex structures with simple instrumentation and direct results. In this research work, a case study of bridge model is considered for SHM in determining damage severity and its location for moderate to severe damage. Also, the same technique applied to the existing bridge for structural health monitoring. From results, it was concluded that the presented methodology was capable of monitoring the existing bridges and also shows good efficiency in determining damage severity and its location. There are noticeable changes in frequencies for moderate to severe damage. Hence, this technique is suitable for the prediction of the presence of damage and its location.


Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) PZT patches Electro-Mechanical Impedance (EMI) 


  1. 1.
    Adams R, Walton D, Flitcroft J, Short D (1975) Vibration testing as a nondestructive test tool for composite materials. In: American society for testing and materials, composite reliability. ASMSP, Philadelphia.
  2. 2.
    Bhalla S, Soh C (2004) Structural health monitoring by piezo-impedance transducers. I: modeling. J Aerosp Eng 4(5).
  3. 3.
    Bhalla S, Soh C (2003) Structural impedance based damage diagnosis by piezo-transducers. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 32:1897–1916. Scholar
  4. 4.
    Park G, Sohn H, Farrar C (2003) Overview of piezoelectric impedance-based health monitoring and path forward. Shock Vib 6(35):451–463. Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zagrai A, Giurgiutiu V (2001) The electro-mechanical impedance method for damage identification in circular plates. In: 142nd meeting of the acoustical society of America. Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Giurgiutiu V, Reynolds A, Rogers C (2000) Experimental investigation of E/M Impedance health monitoring of spot-welded structural joints. J. Intell Mater Syst Struct 10(10):802–812. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Park S, Yun C, Roh Y, Lee J (2006) PZT-based active damage detection techniques for steel bridge components. Smart Mater Struct 15:957–966. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Providakis C, Angeli G, Favvata M, Papadopoulos N, Chalioris C, Karayannis C (2014) Detection of concrete reinforcement damage using piezoelectric materials—analytical and experimental study. Int J Civil Environ Struct Constr Architec Eng 8(2).
  9. 9.
    Kaur N, Bhalla S (2016) Numerical investigations on energy harvesting potential of thin PZT patches adhesively bonded on RC structures. Sens Actuators A: Phys 2(02):44–59. Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moin U, Bhalla S, Naqvi T (2017) Fatigue damage assessment of RC column using PZT sensor. Proc Eng 12(130):1223–1230. Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nayak C, Thorat N, Thakare S (2018) Corrosion impact analysis on residual life of structure using cathodic technique and algor simulation software. Eng Struct Technol 10:18–26. Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang D, Song H, Zhu H (2013) Numerical and experimental studies on damage detection of a concrete beam based on PZT admittances and correlation coefficient. Constr Build Mater 08(74):564–574. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Narayanan A, Kolluru V (2016) Damage assessment in concrete structures using PZT patches. Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baptista F, Budoya D, Almeida V, Ulson J (2014) An experimental study on the effect of temperature on piezoelectric sensors for impedance-based structural health monitoring. Sensors 1424–8220. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Allamraju KV, Srikanth K (2016) Design and experimental study of novel piezoelectric vibration energy impact mass harvester. Proc Eng 5(4):560–567. Scholar
  16. 16.
    Talakokula V, Bhalla S, Ball R, Bowen C, Pesce G, Kurchania R, Bhattacharjee B, Gupta A, Paine K (2016) Diagnosis of carbonation induced corrosion initiation and progressionin reinforced concrete structures using piezo-impedance transducers. Sens Actuators 02(33):79–91. Scholar
  17. 17.
    Demi A, Hongping Z, Hui L (2016) Sensitivity of embedded active PZT sensor for concrete structural impact damage detection. Constr Build Mater 02(094):348–357. Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nayak C, Thorat N, Thakare S (2018) Corrosion impact analysis on residual life of structure using cathodic technique and algor simulation software. Eng Struct Technol 10(1):18–26. Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jagadale U, Nayak C, Narute G (2018) Structural health monitoring using piezo-ceramics smart material. In: 9th international conference on sustainable built environment 2018 (ICSBE), University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
  20. 20.
    Markovic N, Nestorovic T, Stojic D (2015) Numerical modeling of damage detection in concrete beams using piezoelectric patches. Mech Res Commun 64:15–22. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Umesh T. Jagadale
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rutuja D. Kharade
    • 2
  • Chittaranjan B. Nayak
    • 2
  • Wasudeo D. Deulkar
    • 3
  1. 1.JSPM’S Rajarshi Shahu College of EngineeringTathwadeIndia
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentVPKBIETBaramatiIndia
  3. 3.Civil Engineering Department, Government College of Engineering and ResearchAvasari KhurdPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations