Comparative Analysis and Behavior of Cantilever Retaining Wall with and Without Relief Shelves

  • Mandira Faldesai
  • P. SavoikarEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 55)


Retaining walls are an essential part of almost all infrastructure projects, to support vertical backfills. There are various ways of constructing a retaining wall. Retaining wall with relief shelves is one of the subset of cantilever retaining walls. A retaining wall with pressure relief shelves decreases the active lateral earth pressure and increases the overall stability of the retaining wall. As a result of reduced earth pressure, the thickness of stem also gets reduced which results in to an economic design. The present study aims at comprehending the performance of such walls and to discover the effectiveness of these walls to reduce earth pressure. The influence of factors like the location of the shelf and stiffness of shelf, shelf width, etc., on the behavior of the retaining wall is also studied. This work presents a thorough comparative analysis of RCC cantilever retaining walls with (i) no shelves. (ii) single shelf. (iii) two shelves. (iv) three shelves (v) four shelves, with finding out the best location for providing shelves.


Cantilever retaining walls Relief shelf Lateral pressure Overall stability 


  1. 1.
    Hany F (2015) Effectiveness of using shelves with cantilever retaining wallsGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kurian NP (2007) Design of foundation systems, principles and practice, 3rd edn. Narosa Publishing House, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jumikis AR (1964) Mechanics of soils. D Van Nostrand Co., Inc, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Klein GK (1964) Calculation of retaining ralls”. VysshayaShkola, Mosco [in Russian]Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yakovlev PI (1974) Experimental investigation of earth pressure on walls with two platforms in the case of breaking loads relieving on the backfill. Odessa Institute of Naval Engineers, Translated from Osnovaniya, FundamentyMekhanikaGruntov 3:7–9Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chaudhuri PR, Garg AK, Rao MVB, Sharma RN, Satija PD (1973) Design of retaining wall with relieving shelves. IRC J. 35(2):289–325Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Phatak DR and Patil V (1975) Effect of relief shelves on earth pressure, Institute of Engineers (India) Journal-C1, 55:156–159Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bowles JE (1996) Foundation analysis and design, 5th edn. McGraw-Hill, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Raychaudhuri P (1973) Design of retaining walls with relieving shelves”, Paper No. 295, IRC J, 35(2):289 – 325Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bell FG (1987) Ground engineer’s reference book. Butterworths, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Padhye RD, Ullagaddi PB (2011) Analysis of retaining wall with pressure relief shelf by Coulomb’s method. In: Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference IGC-2011, Kochi, pp 671–673Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu and Lin SF (2008) Earth pressure calculation for retaining structure with relieving platform, Port Eng. Tech, 182(4)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liu G, Hu R, Pan X, Liu Y (2011) Model tests on earth pressure of upper part wall of sheet pile wall with relieving platform. Rock Soil Mech 32(2):103–110Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu G, Hu R, Pan X and Liu Y (2013) Model tests on mechanical behaviors of sheet pile wall with relieving platform. Chin J Geotech Eng 35(1):94–99 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringGoa Engineering CollegeGoaIndia

Personalised recommendations