Effect of Interaction of Nearby Footings on Settlement of Foundation Under Building

  • Jahangir Alam
  • Muhammad Saiful IslamEmail author
  • Mahmudul Islam
  • Nazam Uddin
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 55)


When the settlement of footing under building is calculated, it is common practice to estimate settlement of individual footing without considering the impact of neighboring footings. This common type of practice is unrealistic. This paper presents the impact of neighboring footing on elastic settlement of sand. In order to compare, settlement behavior of footings under building and isolated location, Finite Element Models have been generated by using PLAXIS 3D. The variation of settlement at different location especially at center, mid-edge and corner of building are presented. Settlement of individual footings under building is 1.5–5 times the settlement of individual footing at isolated location. Therefore, this issue should not be ignored during designing individual footings of a building. Settlements of individual footings under a building vary with the distance from center of the building. Maximum settlement was found at center of building. Footing Interaction Parameter (B/L), applied footing pressure and building size were found to be the most influential parameters.


Footing interaction Footing Elastic settlement Plaxis 3D Finite element model 


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    Madhira M, Abhishek SV, Rajyalakshmi K (2015) Modelling ground–foundation interactions. Hyderabad, India: International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, At Osmania University, DecemberGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jahangir Alam
    • 1
  • Muhammad Saiful Islam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mahmudul Islam
    • 1
  • Nazam Uddin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringBangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringEuropean University of BangladeshDhakaBangladesh

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