Dynamic Soil–Foundation–Structure Interaction for Bunds in Goa

  • Leonardo SouzaEmail author
  • P. Savoikar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 55)


This paper provides a concise review of Dynamic (Seismic) Soil–Foundation–Structure Interaction (DSFSI) presenting the main methods of DSFSI which are an important and integral part of such studies. The paper spotlights the areas which can use DSFSI including traditional structures like bunds and new structures like pile, pile raft, and mat foundations. Traditional Goan Saraswat Bunds are ancient coconut tree-lined road and flood control embankments found all over Goa which have lasted for thousands of years through storms and earthquakes. Today, as the concept of sustainable construction practices gains growing recognition, they deserved to be studied. The behavior of the tree on top of a bund during earthquakes can be studied using Single-Degree-of-Freedom and vibration damping by pendulum. This paper also presents an equation for the interaction of coconut tree roots as soil springs for their role in damping of the Seismic waves in the bunds. Modeling the bund in MIDAS-GTS-NX showed marginal reduction in acceleration and displacement by the presence of coconut trees.


Dynamic soil–foundation–structure interaction DSSI DSFSI Soil–structure interaction DSSI of bunds Traditional Goan Saraswat Bunds 


  1. 1.
    ASCE 7-05 (2006) Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures (ASCE Standard ASCE/SEI 7-05). American Society of Civil Engineers, VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eurocode 8 (2004) Design of structures for earthquake resistance part 1: general rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings (EN 1998-1: 2004). European Committee for Normalization (CEN), BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    FEMA 356 (2000) Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    FEMA 440 (2005) Improvement of nonlinear static seismic analysis procedures. Applied Technical Council, Redwood CityGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    FEMA 450 (2003) NEHRP recommended provisions for seismic regulations for new buildings and other structures part 1: provisions. Building Seismic Safety Council BSSC, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hadjian AH, Luco JE, Tsai NC (1974) Soil–structure interaction: continuum or finite element? Nucl Eng Des 31(2):151–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heintz JA (2012) Soil-structure interaction for building structures. NNational Institute of Standards and Technology, NEHRP Consultants Joint Venture, NIST GCR 12-917-21, US dept of CommerceGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    IS 1893 (2002) Indian Standard Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures, part 1: general provisions and buildings. Bureau of Indian Standards BIS, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    JSCE (2007) Guidelines for concrete no. 15: standard specifications for concrete structures. Japan Society of Civil Engineers JSCE, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kausel E (2010) Early history of soil–structure interaction. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 30(9):822–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lai CG, Martinelli M (2013) Soil-structure interaction under earthquake loading: theoretical framework, ALERT Doctoral School. The Alliance of Laboratories in Europe for Research and Technology, Technische Universit¨at Dresden, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lou M, Wang H, Chen X, Zhai Y (2011) Structure–soil–structure interaction: literature review. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 31(12):1724–1731. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reissner E (1936) Stationäre, axialsymmetrische, durch eine schüttelnde Masse erregte Schwingung eines homogenen elastischen Halbraum. Ingenieur-Archiv VII(6):381–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Roesset JM (2013) Soil structure interaction the early stages. J Appl Sci Eng 16(1):1–8Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sezawa K, Kanai K (1935) Decay in the seismic vibration of a simple or tall structure by dissipation of their energy into the ground. Bull Earthq Res Inst, Jpn 13(681–696):1935zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sharma N, Dasgupta K, Dey A (2018) A state-of-the-art review on seismic SSI studies on building structures. Innov Infrastruct Solut 3:22.
  17. 17.
    Shetgaonkar SS, Savoikar P (2017) Seismic response of multistoried building with different foundations considering interaction effects. In: Proceedings of conference ICRAMMCE2K17. HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Souza L, Naik N, Chanekar T, Savoikar P (2016) Stability of traditional ‘Bundhs’—Earthen Levees—From Goa. In: Indian geotechnical conference IGC2016, 15–17 December 2016, IIT Madras, Chennai, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wolf JP (1985) Dynamic soil-structure interaction. Prentice-Hall International, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringGoa Engineering CollegeFarmagudiIndia

Personalised recommendations