Effect of Ground Blast Furnace Slag in Replacement of Cement in Ternary Binder on Performance of Sand Concrete

  • Thanh Sang NguyenEmail author
  • Long Hai Chu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 54)


With plentiful material resources including dune sand from Central Coastal provinces and fly ash – a by-product of burning coal at electronic power plants, sand concrete is widely used in Vietnam in respond to both technical and economical requirements. In this research, with the proportion of 18% cement, 37% crushed sand, 33% dune sand, and 12% fly ash, the length change in alkali-silica reaction and strength development tests were conducted in order to evaluate the effect of ground (granulated) blast furnace slag (GBFS) in replacement of cement in 0%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%, respectively on performance of sand concrete. Besides, the relevant microstructural changes due to GBFS proportion and 02 different curing conditions were observed to support the assessment on potential alkali-silica reactions by conducting scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). As a result of these tests, it is confirmed that 30% GBFS in replacement of cement is suitable content in this sand concrete.


GBFS (Ground Blast Furnace Slag) Potential Alkali Silica Reaction (ASR) XRD SEM/EDX Strength Sand Concrete 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B.Erlin: Ettringite – whatever you may think it is. International Cement Microscopy Association, Duncansville, USA, p.380-381 (1996).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Geoffrey E. Blight, ‎Mark G Alexander: Alkali-Aggregate Reaction and Structural Damage to Concrete. University of Leeds (2011).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thanh Sang Nguyen et al.: Study on high performance fine-grained concrete containing rice husk ash. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, p.301–307 (2014).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Transport and CommunicationsHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of International EducationUniversity of Transport and CommunicationsHanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations