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Coccinellids on Crops: Nature’s Gift for Farmers

  • Ahmad Pervez
  • Omkar
  • Mallikarjun M. Harsur
Chapter
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Single crops become a centre for the attack from arthropod pests. Aphids, thrips, whiteflies, coccids and mites are pests, tiny sap-sucking arthropods having a high infestation rate, due to high intrinsic rates of increase and a very short generation time. Predaceous ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) are associated with these arthropod pests regulating populations naturally. They provide a good check of these pests by devouring them. Coccinellids are used as biocontrol agents of many insect pests and have been mass multiplied commercially as a part of integrated pest management programme. Both generalists and specialists of different prey types can be found in coccinellid family. Generalist predators are largely aphidophagous which can prey upon various aphid species with almost similar preference. It also supports the encouragement of certain specialist ladybirds for the biocontrol of mealybugs, thrips and whiteflies. These coccinellids can be best mass reared by optimizing the food in the form of prey and mating strategies in terms of optimal age and best mating partners, along with optimizing the abiotic factors like temperature and light. The present communication encourages the usage of such coccinellids for the management of insect and acarine pests.

Keywords

Crops Aphids Thrips Whiteflies Ladybirds Coccinellidae 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors were thankful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, India, for financial assistance under Major Research Project (No. F. 41-18/2012 [SR]), and Omkar is thankful to the Department of Higher Education of Govt. of U.P. for financial assistance under Centre of Excellence Programme.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Pervez
    • 1
  • Omkar
    • 2
  • Mallikarjun M. Harsur
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyRadhey Hari Government P.G. CollegeKashipurIndia
  2. 2.Ladybird Research Laboratory, Department of ZoologyUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-NRC on PomegranateKegaonIndia

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