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Adaptable Infrastructure—Civil

  • David G. CarmichaelEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Management in the Built Environment book series (MABUEN)

Abstract

Infrastructure over its lifetime needs to consider change, often because of external forces, in order to avoid obsolescence in any of its various forms—physical, economic, functional, technological, social, environmental and legal. Demographic, technological and environmental shifts would appear inevitable, but to an uncertain extent and with uncertain timing.

References

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    Carmichael DG (2018) Estimating the value of built-in flexibility in infrastructure. In: Wang C, Harper C, Lee Y, Harris R, Berryman C (eds) ASCE construction research congress 2018: sustainable design and construction and education, ASCE, New York, pp 613–622, ISBN (PDF) 9780784481301, ASCE Construction Research Congress, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2–5 April 2018Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUNSW AustraliaSydneyAustralia

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