Orgenellar Genome Analysis

  • K. V. Chaitanya


This chapter describes the resemblances of chloroplasts and mitochondria with bacteria along with the architecture of their genomes. Sequencing technologies for chloroplast genomes, phylogeny, and chloroplast genome engineering were discussed in detail with the genome description of protestant Euglena gracilis, which gives more information about the evolution of organelle genomes. Diseases due to the occurrence of mutations in the human mitochondrial genome have been emphasized along with the gene therapy for mitochondrial disorders in Humans. Mitochondrial genome sequencing and analysis of the Neandertal fossils will also provide a broader spectrum of information regarding the ancient DNA and their traits.


Chapter 4

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. V. Chaitanya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyGITAM UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia

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