Being (Un)Ethical in Workplaces: The Theories and the Empirics

  • Gagari Chakrabarti
  • Tapas Chatterjea


Ensuring an ethically positive work environment is often a challenge given the issues of adverse selection associated with hiring of employees and the problem of moral hazard that spawns at later stages of employee behaviour. While immorality remains an issue that needs exploration, defining the term requires deliberations. To define immorality one should have a contemplation of morality and ethics to delineate the basis for being immoral or unethical. The chapter seeks to define immorality or deviation from ethics in light of the existing theories of ethics that dates back to Plato and Aristotle. It considers the chronological development of ideas that form the foundation for ethical decision making in every sphere of life, including workplaces. The brief recapitulation of existing theories is followed by the instances of the unethical behaviour that are found to occur in workplaces in varying extent and magnitude.


Consequentialism Teleological approach Utilitarianism Deontological ethics Categorical imperative Theory of justice Virtue ethics Integrity approach Ethical dilemma Ethical blindness 


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gagari Chakrabarti
    • 1
  • Tapas Chatterjea
    • 2
  1. 1.Economics DepartmentPresidency UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.KolkataIndia

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