• Du HuynhEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Regional Science book series (BRIEFSREGION)


Shanghai is also a successful case since China’s national leadership decided to prioritize it for the national development from the early 1990s. It has all five factors of success. First, the national development strategy was clear; thus, Shanghai has been prioritized for the national economic development and openness. Second, Shanghai has been allowed to keep very high shares of the budget revenue and expenditure. In recent years, in comparison to the GDP, it is over 20%, twice as Seoul’s, three to four times higher than those of the other cities. Third, it has consistently pursued long-term strategies. Fourth, there have been many public entrepreneurs with powerful supporting coalitions. Fifth, a highly centralized government structure is positive for Shanghai’s development. However, the role of urban planning is limited.


Shanghai China Development strategy Public entrepreneurship Dictatorship 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fulbright University VietnamHo Chi MinhVietnam

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