Tubeless PCNL

  • Julian Veser
  • Christian SeitzEmail author


In the last decades, PCNL experienced enormous technical advancements like miniaturization of the available armamentarium. To further decrease the invasiveness of the procedure, safety and efficacy of different exit strategies like the tubeless PCNL technique have been explored.

A systematic review on tubeless PCNL with focus on current information has been conducted. Different implementations of tubeless techniques have been differentiated and compared to the standard approach of tubed PCNL, including complex cases. Furthermore, supplementary information about the armamentarium of tubed and tubeless PCNL has been summarized.

The majority of the reported studies concluded that a tubeless procedure is associated with less patient discomfort and a shorter hospital stay compared to the standard PCNL. Additionally, no significant difference in the complication rate was observed, including postoperative fever, hematocrit decrease, stone-free rate and urine extravasation.

The decision whether or not to place a nephrostomy tube after PCNL still depends on the clinical judgment and experience of the surgeon. While most of the studies had strict inclusion criteria for tubeless procedures, those parameters have not been clearly defined yet.


Tubeless Totally tubeless Stented PCNL Nephrostomy tube Exit strategy PCNL drainage 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, Comprehensive Cancer CenterMedical University of Vienna, Vienna General HospitalViennaAustria

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