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NOx Reduction from Diesel Engine Consuming Diesel-Waste Plastic Oil Blend as Substitute Fuel with Antioxidant and SCR

  • B. SachuthananthanEmail author
  • R. L. Krupakaran
  • A. Sumanth
  • T. Manikandan
Chapter
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Abstract

Emission in Internal Combustion Engines can be achieved through fuel modification, combustion control or by outlet gas treatment. Comparatively, the third approach is easy since there is little or no need of modifying the engine. Similar one technique is selective catalytic reduction (SCR). In this paper, simultaneous attempt is made to control the NOx pollution through fuel modification and exhaust treatment techniques. Plastic pyrolysis oil (PPO) as alternate fuel added with 100, 200, 300, 400 and 400 mg/l of Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) antioxidant and injection of constant quantity of aqueous solutions of urea in the tail pipe fitted with Vanadium-based nodule as SCR catalyst was carried out on a 4 stroke, mono barrel CI power train. The results reveal that with urea vaccination conforming to 8–9% of the fuel, the NOx emission dropped by 69% with no significant drop in BTE and rise in other pollutants.

Keywords

Plastic pyrolysis oil Fuel antioxidant SCR Emission reduction 

Nomenclature

WPO

Waste plastic oil

NOx

Oxides of nitrogen

PPO

Plastic pyrolysis oil

BHA

Butilated hydroxi anisole

CI

Compression ignition

SI

Spark ignition

UBHC

Unburned hydrocarbon

TPO

Tyre pyrolysis oil

USD

Ultra-low sulphur diesel

WPDF

Waste plastic diesel fuel

TDF

Tyre derived fuel

DEF

Diesel exhaust fluid

DICI

Direct injection compression ignition

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Sachuthananthan
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. L. Krupakaran
    • 1
  • A. Sumanth
    • 1
  • T. Manikandan
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentSree Vidyanikethan Engineering CollegeTirupatiIndia

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