Advertisement

Air Quality Survey of Some Major Dumpsites in Lagos State, Nigeria

  • Omowonuola Olubukola Sonibare
  • Adeniyi Saheed AremuEmail author
  • Rafiu Olasunkanmi Yusuf
  • Jamiu Adetayo Adeniran
Chapter
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

This study investigated the status of air quality at Olushosun, Abule Egba, and Solous dumpsite in Lagos, Nigeria. The parameters examined are total suspended particulates (TSP), CO, NO2, SO2, and odour. The Landfill Gas Emissions Model (LandGEM) was used to estimate the potential landfill gas emissions from the dumpsites. Sulphur dioxide (SO2) was not detected at Olushosun and Abule Egba dumpsites. At Solous, the measured concentration is about 21-folds of the 1-h limit with 24-h concentration of 0.09 ppm which is about ninefolds of the FMENV’s set limit. The measured concentrations of NO2 are about 1.3-folds of the set limit at all the locations in Olushosun and Abule Egba but between 2.5 and 5.0-folds at Solous. In Olushosun, the measured 1-h CO concentrations range between 8.0 and 40 ppm, at Abule Egba and Solous, the range is 10.0–44.0 ppm and 1.0–179.0 ppm, respectively. At Olushosun, the 1-h TSP concentration is about 2.5-folds of the 1-h limit but 3.2-folds and 2.8-folds of the same limit at both Abule Egba and Solous, respectively. The odour levels from the three dumpsites are significantly high ranging between 4 and 5 on the “intensity by word” scale of 5. The measured air quality parameters concentrations signify a badly impaired airshed and can be classified as having poor air quality which calls for urgent attention. The methane potential using the LandGem tool is estimated to be between 4.04 × 102 and 4.97 × 104 ton/year which is equivalent to about 6.06 × 105 to 7.45 × 107 m3/year. This can be used to generate about 0.4–49 MW of electricity if efficiently captured.

Keywords

Dumpsite Emission Air quality Lagos Nigeria 

References

  1. Aduojo, A. A., Ayolabi, E. A., & Adewale, A. (2018). Time dependent electrical resistivity tomography and seasonal variation assessment of groundwater around the Olusosun dumpsite Lagos, South-West, Nigeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 147, 243–253.Google Scholar
  2. Ameloko, A. A., & Ayolabi, E. A. (2018). Geophysical assessment for vertical leachate migration profile and physicochemical study of groundwater around the Olusosun dumpsite Lagos, south-west Nigeria. Applied Water Science, 8(5), 142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asubiojo, O. (2016). Pollution sources in the Nigerian environment and their health implications. Ife Journal of Science, 18(4), 973–980.Google Scholar
  4. Christensen, T. H., Cossu, R., & Stegmann, R. (2014). Landfill leachate: An introduction. In Landfilling of waste (pp. 17–30). CRC Press.Google Scholar
  5. de Morais, C. R., Bonetti, A. M., Mota, A. A., Campos, C. F., Souto, H. N., Naves, M. P. C., et al. (2018). Evaluation of toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of samples from domestic and industrial sewage. Chemosphere, 201, 342–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. FEPA. (1991). Guidelines to standards for environmental pollution control in Nigeria. Lagos: Federal Environmental Protection Agency.Google Scholar
  7. Giusti, L. (2009). A review of waste management practices and their impact on human health. Waste Management, 29(8), 2227–2239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ife-Adediran, O., & Isabota, O. (2018). Gamma dose profile and risk to scavengers and occupants near waste dumpsites in coastal Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 75(5), 708–718.Google Scholar
  9. Ikem, A., Osibanjo, O., Sridhar, M., & Sobande, A. (2002). Evaluation of groundwater quality characteristics near two waste sites in Ibadan and Lagos, Nigeria. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 140(1–4), 307–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Khalid, A., Arshad, M., Anjum, M., Mahmood, T., & Dawson, L. (2011). The anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste. Waste Management, 31(8), 1737–1744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lim, S. L., Lee, L. H., & Wu, T. Y. (2016). Sustainability of using composting and vermicomposting technologies for organic solid waste biotransformation: Recent overview, greenhouse gases emissions and economic analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 111, 262–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liu, Y., Lu, W., Guo, H., Ming, Z., Wang, C., Xu, S., et al. (2016). Aromatic compound emissions from municipal solid waste landfill: Emission factors and their impact on air pollution. Atmospheric Environment, 139, 205–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Liu, Y., Lu, W., Wang, H., Huang, Q., & Gao, X. (2018). Odor impact assessment of trace sulfur compounds from working faces of landfills in Beijing, China. Journal of Environmental Management, 220, 136–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McGinley, C.M., & McGinley, M.A. (1998). Odor quantification methods and practices at msw landfills. Proceedings of Air and Waste Management Association 91st Annual Meeting and Exhibition. June 14-18, 1998. San Diego, CA.Google Scholar
  15. Ojo-Awo, N. A., Agbabiaka, H. I., & Ilesanmi, A. O. (2018). Refuse dumpsite and its associated pollutants: Spatial variations of the impact of leachates on groundwater quality. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 29(3), 572–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Petrovic, M., Sremacki, M., Radonic, J., Mihajlovic, I., Obrovski, B., & Miloradov, M. V. (2018). Health risk assessment of PAHs, PCBs and OCPs in atmospheric air of municipal solid waste landfill in Novi Sad, Serbia. Science of the Total Environment, 644, 1201–1206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Powell, J. T., & Chertow, M. R. (2019). Quantity, components, and value of waste materials landfilled in the United States. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 23(2), 466–479.Google Scholar
  18. Salehpour, S., Jonoobi, M., Ahmadzadeh, M., Siracusa, V., Rafieian, F., & Oksman, K. (2018). Biodegradation and ecotoxicological impact of cellulose nanocomposites in municipal solid waste composting. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 111, 264–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schiopu, A. M., & Gavrilescu, M. (2010). Options for the treatment and management of municipal landfill leachate: Common and specific issues. CLEAN—Soil, Air, Water, 38(12), 1101–1110.Google Scholar
  20. Talaiekhozani, A., Masomi, B., & Hashemi, S. M. J. (2016). Evaluation of gaseous pollutants emission rate from Marvdasht landfills. Journal of Advanced Medical Sciences and Applied Technologies, 2(1), 162–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tongesayi, T., Kugara, J., & Tongesayi, S. (2018). Waste dumpsites and public health: a case for lead exposure in Zimbabwe and potential global implications. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 40(1), 375–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vrijheid, M. (2000). Health effects of residence near hazardous waste landfill sites: A review of epidemiologic literature. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(Suppl 1), 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wenjing, L., Zhenhan, D., Dong, L., Jimenez, L. M. C., Yanjun, L., Hanwen, G., et al. (2015). Characterization of odor emission on the working face of landfill and establishing of odorous compounds index. Waste Management, 42, 74–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. World Bank. (2007). Pollution prevention and abatement handbook. Retrieved from Washington DC.Google Scholar
  25. Zhang, D. Q., Tan, S. K., & Gersberg, R. M. (2010). Municipal solid waste management in China: Status, problems and challenges. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(8), 1623–1633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omowonuola Olubukola Sonibare
    • 1
  • Adeniyi Saheed Aremu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rafiu Olasunkanmi Yusuf
    • 3
  • Jamiu Adetayo Adeniran
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family Medicine, General Outpatient Department (GOPD)Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC)Ile-IfeNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Water Resources and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of IlorinIlorinNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering Research LaboratoryUniversity of IlorinIlorinNigeria

Personalised recommendations