Slate Mine Wastewater, the Best Substitute for Cementation

  • S. Altaf HussainEmail author
  • S. M. Subhani
  • S. V. Satyanarayana


It is the greatness of nature, which has given lot of material required for human being. Lot of mineral matter is extracted from mines; one of such requirements is slate which is used as a note pad for early learners with the help of slate pencil. The written matter is easily erasable and the slate is reusable. Slate rocks are available in the earth crust of Markapur area of Andhra Pradesh. In order to extract slate mine in a slice form, different technologies are being used. After extraction of slate mine the leftover water is found rich in calcium, silica, iron, and alumina which are the essential components in the process of cementation. Wastewater procured from Markapur has been used in making cement cubes and the compressive strength was tested after the curing days of 1, 3, 7 and 28 days, as per Bureau of Indian Standards. Slate mine wastewater has also been used to mix granite waste and ordinary Portland cement, where the results indicated very good compatibility. All the results depict very good compressive strength. It can be concluded that, slate mine water is the best substitute for civil construction, whereas the same water is unsafe for human consumption as well as plants consumption due to excess mineral mater, according to World Health Organization norms.


Wastewater Slate mine waste Granite industry waste Alternative cementation Compressive strength Solid waste management Powder 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Altaf Hussain
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. M. Subhani
    • 2
  • S. V. Satyanarayana
    • 3
  1. 1.Lords Institute of Engineering and TechnologyHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringJNTUA College of EngineeringAnantapurIndia
  3. 3.JNTUA University AnanthapuramuAnantapurIndia

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