The Study of Heredity and the Environment in Pedology

  • L. S. Vygotsky
Part of the Perspectives in Cultural-Historical Research book series (PCHR, volume 7)


Throughout these lectures, Vygotsky starts out with an introduction of basic principles, sets out a method, and seeks to formulate the results of his enquiry as laws. In this lecture, he starts out by saying that the study of heredity, which is not to be dissociated from the environment even in a chapter ostensibly devoted to genetics in a narrow sense, will help students materialize the basic principles introduced in the last lecture as abstract statements that can even be applied to molecular water and apply them to pedological problems. He then discusses data from mass studies on monozygotic and dizygotic twins. Finally, he sets us the task of generalizing these results into general laws or propositions.


  1. Bühler, K. (1918). Die geistige Entwicklung des Kindes. Jena: Fischer.Google Scholar
  2. Lewontin, R., Rose, S., & Kamin, L. J. (1984). Not in our genes: Biology ideology and human nature. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  3. Loehlin, J. C. (1992). Genes and environment in personality development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Luria, A. (1979). The making of mind: A personal account of Soviet psychology. (M. Cole and S. Cole eds.) London and Cambridge: Harvard.Google Scholar
  5. Выготский, Л. С. (2001). Лекции по педологии. Ижевск: Издательский дом “Удмуртский университет”.Google Scholar
  6. Vygotsky, L. S. (1997a). Collected works (Vol. 3). London and New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  7. Vygotsky, L. S. (1997b). History of the development of the higher mental functions. In L. S. Vygotsky, Collected works (Vol. 4). London and New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  8. Vygotskij, L. S. (2018). La science du développement de l’enfant: Text pédologiques (1930–1934). Traduits par I. Léopoldoff-Martin. Berne: Collection Exploration Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  9. Whitam, F. L., & Martin, D. M. (1993). Homosexual orientation in twins: A report on 61 pairs and three triplet sets. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(3), 187–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. S. Vygotsky
    • 1
  1. 1.MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations