Evaluation on Symbiotic Performance of Regional Technological Entrepreneurship Ecosystem
This paper analyzes the components of the regional technological entrepreneurship ecosystem which include the entrepreneurial ecological population and supporting environment from the perspective of ecological theory, and further builds the evaluation index system of population and environment symbiotic performance in the ecosystem. By using the entropy weight coefficient model and the gray system evaluation model, collecting data through questionnaire survey from the characteristic town of technological industry of Hangzhou in China, this paper evaluates population and environment symbiotic performance of the technological entrepreneurship ecosystem and illustrates the final correlation degree is 0.783, indicating that the overall construction and operation situation of the entrepreneurial ecosystem is acceptable. Except for the scientific and technological environment, cultural environment, natural environment and government services, there is a gap with the ideal situation at the correlation degree of market environment, technological intermediaries, science, education and technological start-ups.
KeywordsSymbiotic performance Entrepreneurship ecosystem Ecological population Gray system evaluation
This study was financially supported by National Social Science Fund Project (Evolution Mechanism and Symbiotic Performance of Entrepreneurial Ecosystem from the Perspective of Regional Characteristic Towns, Project No. 17YBJ036).
- 1.Stam, E., Spigel, B.: Entrepreneurial ecosystems. In: Blackburn, R., De Clercq, D., Heinonen, J., Wang, Z. (eds.) Sage Handbook for Entrepreneurship and Small Business (2017, in press)Google Scholar
- 2.Cumming, D.J., Johan, S.: Technology parks and entrepreneurial outcomes around the world. Int. J. Manag. Financ. 9, 279–293 (2013)Google Scholar
- 5.Sun, H.Ch.: Construction, evaluation and secondary entrepreneurship of innovation ecosystem in development zones. Doctoral Dissertation. Tianjin University (2007)Google Scholar
- 7.Isenberg, D.: How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harv. Bus. Rev. 88(6), 40–50 (2010)Google Scholar
- 8.Isenberg, D.: The entrepreneurship ecosystem strategy as a new paradigm for economic policy: principles for cultivating entrepreneurship, invited presentation at the Institute of International and European Affairs, Dublin, Ireland, May 12(2011)Google Scholar
- 9.Auerswald, P.E.: Enabling entrepreneurial ecosystems: insights from ecology to inform effective entrepreneurship policy. Kauffman Foundation Research Series on City, Metro, and Regional Entrepreneurship (2015)Google Scholar
- 11.Srimanti, R., Anish, D.: Identification of multi-delay systems using orthogonal hybrid functions in state space environment. Int. J. Model. Ident. Control 30(2), 93–104 (2018)Google Scholar
- 12.Yang, J., Yang, F., Wang, S.H.: Research on operation mechanism of regional innovation system based on system dynamics. Sci. Manag. Res. 4, 1–6 (2010)Google Scholar
- 16.Rampersad, G.C.: Entrepreneurial ecosystems: A governance perspective. J. Res. Bus. Econ. Manag. 7(3), 1122–1134 (2016)Google Scholar
- 17.Cumming, D. Werth, J., Zhang, Y.: Governance in entrepreneurial ecosystems: venture capitalists vs. technology parks. In: Small Business Economics Special Issue Development Conference: The Governance of Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Catania, Italy, 29–39 Sept (2016)Google Scholar