Literature Review

  • Ruktai PruraparkEmail author
  • Pakorn Asavaritikrai
Part of the SpringerBriefs on Case Studies of Sustainable Development book series (BRIEFSCSSD)


Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on earth. For thousands of years, mankind has used coal as a fuel for cooking and source of heat. People in ancient time relied on wood as a main fuel more than coal because wood was easily obtainable. After that, fuel oil became more popular due to its affordable price. Since the Industrial Revolution in England, Europe, and America, coal has been an essential fuel. Furthermore, the energy crisis in 2018 and 1979 stimulates the popularity of coal as a promising alternative source of energy, owing to its low price. Coal is naturally abundant and therefore can be used for the next hundred years. However, it is necessary to consider the potential effects of coal energy usage on the environment.


  1. Australian Coal (2005) Coal mining method. Accessed 1 Dec 2018
  2. Department of Mineral Fuels, Ministry of Energy (2004) Clean coal technology. Accessed 5 Jan 2019
  3. Department of Mineral Fuels, Ministry of Energy (2009) Coal reserve. Accessed 6 Jan 2019
  4. Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (2004) Coal. Accessed 10 Sep 2018
  5. Energy Information Administration (2004) International energy outlook. Accessed 1 Dec 2018
  6. The Environmental Literacy Council (2004) Coal. Accessed 5 Jan 2019
  7. World Coal Institute (2005) Coal uses—overview. Accessed 1 Dec 2018

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringSrinakharinwirot UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Energy Thai Trading Hub Co., Ltd.BangkokThailand

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