Civil and Commercial Cases and Execution Sichuan Panhua Technology Co., Ltd. v. Pangang Group Co., Ltd. (Dispute over Contract)—Determination of Whether Government Acts Constitute Force Majeure and the Application of Change of Circumstances

  • Yongfeng PanEmail author
Part of the Library of Selected Cases from the Chinese Court book series (LSCCPC)


To determine whether government acts constitute force majeure, we should look at two aspects: first, whether government acts fall under objective circumstances that are unforeseeable, unavoidable, and insurmountable; and second, whether government acts do have a substantial impact on the performance of a contract. Only if the above two conditions are met can the government act be considered to be force majeure.

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© Law Press China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Supreme People’s Court of the People’s Republic of ChinaBeijingChina

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