Advertisement

The WTO Appellate Body as a Trailblazer—Facilitation of Appellate Mechanism Discussion in Other International Courts

  • Jaemin LeeEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

One of the most important contributions of the WTO regime is the successful introduction and operation of the appellate mechanism. In the past 24 years of operation, the Appellate Body has accumulated important experience in various areas of appellate review. It has also encountered a variety of practical and legal issues associated with appeal, and has also clarified critical jurisprudence and found solutions to practical issues. The Appellate Body’s accumulated experience and jurisprudence have provided and will continue to provide useful guidance and benchmarks for states and other international organizations for the formulation, administration and operation of appellate proceedings in other international dispute settlement proceedings. Its trial and error, and success and failure present the international community with a reliable springboard for the discussion of better and more workable dispute settlement proceedings in the international community.

Keywords

International dispute settlement proceedings Appellate Body Dispute settlement understanding Rule of law Appellate review Standard of review Remand 

References

  1. Ameli K et al (2016) Task force paper regarding the proposed International Court System (ICS). European Federation for Investment Law and ArbitrationGoogle Scholar
  2. American Arbitration Association (2013) Optional appellate arbitration rules. https://www.adr.org/sites/default/files/AAA-ICDR_Optional_Appellate_Arbitration_Rules.pdf
  3. Baetens F (2017) Judicial review of international adjudicatory decisions: a cross-regime comparison of annulment and appellate mechanisms. J Int Dis Settl 8:432–433Google Scholar
  4. Bogdandy VA, Venxke I (2014) In whose name?: a public law theory of international adjudication. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown C (2017) Supervision, control, and appellate jurisdiction: the experience of the international court. ICSID Rev 32:595–610Google Scholar
  6. Calamita NJ (2017) The (in) compatibility of appellate mechanisms with existing instruments of the investment treaty regime. J World Inv and Trade 18:585–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cameron M, Campbell K (1998) Dispute resolution in the world trade organisation, Cameron MayGoogle Scholar
  8. Cassese A (2009) The Oxford companion to international criminal justice. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Crawford J (2012) Brownlie’s principles of public international law. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  10. Fontanelli F et al (2016) Lights and shadows of the WTO-inspired international court system of investor-state dispute settlement. Eur Inv Law and Arb Rev Online 11:191–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gal-Or N (2008) The concept of appeal in international dispute settlement. Eur J Int Law 19:43–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gantz DA (2006) An Appellate mechanism for review of arbitral decisions in investor-state disputes: prospects and challenges. Vanderbilt J Transnatl Law 39:39–76Google Scholar
  13. Henckels C (2008) Overcoming jurisdictional isolationism at the WTO-FTA nexus: a potential approach for the WTO. Eur J Intl Law 19:571–599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hernández IH (2013) The international court of justice and the judicial function. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  15. Huber M, Tereposky G (2017) The WTO Appellate Body: viability as a model for an investor-state dispute settlement Appellate mechanism. ICSID Rev 32:545–594Google Scholar
  16. Kalb J (2005) Creating an ICSID Appellate Body. UCLA J Int and Foreign Aff 10:179Google Scholar
  17. Katz RL (2016) Modeling an international investment court after the World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement Body. Harv Negot Law Rev 22Google Scholar
  18. Lauterpacht H (1931) The so-called Anglo-American and continental schools of thought in international law. Br YB Int Law 12:53Google Scholar
  19. Lee J (2014) Introduction of an Appellate review mechanism for international investment disputes. Transnatl Disp Manag 11:12Google Scholar
  20. Legum B (2005) International litigation strategies and practice. American Bar AssociationGoogle Scholar
  21. Lockhart J, Vook Y (2005) Reviewing Appellate review in the WTO Dispute settlement system. Melb J Int Law 6:474–484Google Scholar
  22. Mavroidis PC (2009) Licence to adjudicate: a critical evaluation of the work of the WTO Appellate Body so far. In: Hartigan JC et al (eds) Trade disputes and the dispute settlement understanding of the WTO: an interdisciplinary assessment. Emerald Group Publishing, pp 73–90Google Scholar
  23. McDougall R (2018) The crisis in WTO dispute settlement: fixing birth defects to restore balance. J World Trade 52:867–896Google Scholar
  24. Mcrae D (2010) The WTO Appellate Body: model for an ICSID appeals facility? J Int Disp Settlement 1:377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mitchell DA (2005) Challenges and prospects for the WTO, Cameron MayGoogle Scholar
  26. Murphy SD (2013) International judicial bodies for resolving disputes between states. In: Romano CPR et al (eds) The Oxford handbook of international adjudication. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  27. Nilsson A, Englesson O (2013) Inconsistent awards in investment treaty arbitration: is an appeals court needed? J Int Arb 30:561–579Google Scholar
  28. Palmeter D (1998) The WTO Appellate Body needs remand authority. J World Trade 32:51Google Scholar
  29. Palmeter D, Mavroidis PC (2004) Dispute settlement in the World Trade Organization. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  30. Pauwelyn J (2007) Appeal without remand: a design flaw in WTO dispute settlement and how to fix it. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development ResearchGoogle Scholar
  31. Pescatore P (1994) Two tribunals and one court: some current problems of international staff administration in the jurisdiction of the ILO and UN administrative tribunals and the ICJ. In: Bokker N, Muller S (eds) Essays in honour of H. G. Schermers. Martinus Nilhoff, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  32. Petersmann EU (1998) How to promote the international rule of law-contributions by the World Trade Organization Appellate review system. J Int Econ Law 1:25–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Reich A (2017) The effectiveness of the WTO dispute settlement system: a statistical analysis. European University Institute Working PaperGoogle Scholar
  34. Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998). International Criminal Court. https://www.icc-cpi.int/resource-library/documents/rs-eng.pdf
  35. Rule of Procedure and Evidence (2013). International Criminal Court. https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/pids/legal-texts/rulesprocedureevidenceeng.pdf
  36. Schill SW (2017) Authority, legitimacy, and fragmentation in the (envisaged) dispute settlement disciplines in mega-regionals. Amsterdam Center for International LawGoogle Scholar
  37. Steger D P (2013) Enhancing the legitimacy of international investment law by establishing an Appellate mechanism. In: de Mestral Armand, Lévesque C (eds) Improving international investment agreements, RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  38. Zamir N et al (2019) Appeal in international arbitration—an efficient and affordable arbitral appeal mechanism. Arb Int 35:79–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations