The world is experiencing a severe water scarcity. The problem is particularly relevant in China. However, it is difficult to achieve the sustainable utilization of the water resources based on the current studies focusing on the physical water management. The concept of virtual water and water footprint is applied in this book for a sustainable utilization and allocation of water resources in multiple regional scales in China. In this chapter, the principal obstacles of current studies concerning regional water sustainable utilization were clarified and the on the basis of extensive literature reviews. In addition, the objectives and the organizations of the book were elucidated.
KeywordsWater scarcity Sustainable water utilization Water allocation Virtual water Water footprint
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