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Introduction

  • Vijay Korra
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents an overview of Criminal Tribes Act, 1871 and debates on the same. The colonial British Government of pre-independent India notified certain nomadic, pastoral and traditional trading communities as ‘born criminals’ and passed the wicked ‘Criminal Tribes Act (CTA)’. CTA defined criminal tribes as ‘a tribe or caste whose occupation is committing non-bailable offences’. Booth Tucker, a British officer, defined it as ‘those sections or groups of people who traditionally follow or commit criminal acts like stealing, robbery, dacoity and other such commission of non-bailable crimes in order to obtain a livelihood’. In other words, the British-Raj notified criminals based on physical attributes, castes, tribes, habits, appearances, way of living, hygiene, dressing and occasional offences. Among them, some either resisted and/or assisted the freedom fighters against the British aggression from time to time.

Keywords

Criminal Tribes Act Criminal tribes Born criminals De-notified tribes British-Raj 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vijay Korra
    • 1
  1. 1.Nizamiah Observatory CampusCentre for Economic and Social StudiesHyderabadIndia

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