Can Music Therapy Reduce Human Psychological Stress: A Review

  • Nikita R. HatwarEmail author
  • Ujwalla H. Gawande
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 165)


In today’s digital world, stress has become a common problem. It affects each and every individual from school-going kid to an old person. Stress if not detected in time may lead to physiological and psychological ailments. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one member from four citizens is undergoing mental health problem, that is, stress. We have various self-assessment tools, such as perceived stress scale (PSS), the Ardell wellness stress test and stress response inventory (SRI), to assess the perceived stress. This method has drawbacks such as an interruption in work, degraded performance and inconsistent results. Other techniques to assess stress are physiological, facial expressions and invasive procedures such as hormonal analysis. These are uncertain and invasive. Hence, there is a need for a reliable, accurate, precise and non-invasive method to detect stress on time. Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a tool and a non-invasive and convenient method to detect brain waves that can be helpful in detecting the stress. Music therapy is a non-invasive, safe, structured and organized technique to reduce stress. It is a means of communication which is pleasant and has a healing experience. In this paper, an effect of music on human stress response will be investigated by making the person under test listen to music and will try to understand whether it is a myth or reality. The technique is based on recording the EEG signals of a person under stress, before and after applying music therapy. It will be checked whether music reduces the stress and it may replace drugs in future or not.


Stress EEG signals Indian classical music Music therapy 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yeshwantrao Chavan College of EngineeringNagpurIndia

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